MSF Field Research > 1 Published Research and Commentary > Emergencies/refugees > A tale of two cities: restoring water services in Kabul and Monrovia

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Title: A tale of two cities: restoring water services in Kabul and Monrovia
Authors: Pinera, Jean-François
Reed, Robert A
Affiliation: Médecins Sans Frontières, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Water Engineering and Development Centre, Loughborough University, United Kingdom
Citation: Disasters 2009;33(4):574-90
Journal: Disasters
Issue Date: 12-Jan-2009
DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-7717.2008.01088.x
PubMed ID: 19207539
Additional Links:
Abstract: Kabul and Monrovia, the respective capitals of Afghanistan and Liberia, have recently emerged from long-lasting armed conflicts. In both cities, a large number of organisations took part in emergency water supply provision and later in the rehabilitation of water systems. Based on field research, this paper establishes a parallel between the operations carried out in the two settings, highlighting similarities and analysing the two most common strategies. The first strategy involves international financial institutions, which fund large-scale projects focusing on infrastructural rehabilitation and on the institutional development of the water utility, sometimes envisaging private-sector participation. The second strategy involves humanitarian agencies, which run community-based projects, in most cases independently of the water utilities, and targeting low-income areas. Neither of these approaches manages to combine sustainability and universal service. The paper assesses their respective strengths and weaknesses and suggests ways of improving the quality of assistance provided.
Type: Article
Language: en
MeSH: Afghanistan
Disaster Planning
Public Health
Time Factors
Urban Health Services
Water Supply
ISSN: 1467-7717
Rights: Published by Wiley-Blackwell Archived on this site with the kind permission of Wiley-Blackwell,
Appears in topics: Emergencies/refugees

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