Descriptive spatial analysis of the cholera epidemic 2008-2009 in Harare, Zimbabwe: a secondary data analysis.

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/118765
Title:
Descriptive spatial analysis of the cholera epidemic 2008-2009 in Harare, Zimbabwe: a secondary data analysis.
Authors:
Luque Fernández, Miguel Ángel; Mason, Peter R; Gray, Henry; Bauernfeind, Ariane; Fesselet, Jean François; Maes, Peter
Journal:
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Abstract:
This ecological study describes the cholera epidemic in Harare during 2008-2009 and identifies patterns that may explain transmission. Rates ratios of cholera cases by suburb were calculated by a univariate regression Poisson model and then, through an Empirical Bayes modelling, smoothed rate ratios were estimated and represented geographically. Mbare and southwest suburbs of Harare presented higher rate ratios. Suburbs attack rates ranged from 1.2 (95% Cl = 0.7-1.6) cases per 1000 people in Tynwald to 90.3 (95% Cl = 82.8-98.2) in Hopley. The identification of this spatial pattern in the spread, characterised by low risk in low density residential housing, and a higher risk in high density south west suburbs and Mbare, could be used to advocate for improving water and sanitation conditions and specific preparedness measures in the most affected areas.
Affiliation:
Médecins Sans Frontières, Medical department (Brussels Operational Center), 94, rue Dupre, 1090 Brussels, Belgium.
Issue Date:
Jan-2011
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/118765
DOI:
10.1016/j.trstmh.2010.10.001
PubMed ID:
21075411
Language:
en
ISSN:
1878-3503
Appears in Collections:
Other Diseases

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorLuque Fernández, Miguel Ángelen
dc.contributor.authorMason, Peter Ren
dc.contributor.authorGray, Henryen
dc.contributor.authorBauernfeind, Arianeen
dc.contributor.authorFesselet, Jean Françoisen
dc.contributor.authorMaes, Peteren
dc.date.accessioned2011-01-05T19:12:12Z-
dc.date.available2011-01-05T19:12:12Z-
dc.date.issued2011-01-
dc.identifier.citationDescriptive spatial analysis of the cholera epidemic 2008-2009 in Harare, Zimbabwe: a secondary data analysis. 2011, 105 (1):38-45 Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg.en
dc.identifier.issn1878-3503-
dc.identifier.pmid21075411-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.trstmh.2010.10.001-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/118765-
dc.description.abstractThis ecological study describes the cholera epidemic in Harare during 2008-2009 and identifies patterns that may explain transmission. Rates ratios of cholera cases by suburb were calculated by a univariate regression Poisson model and then, through an Empirical Bayes modelling, smoothed rate ratios were estimated and represented geographically. Mbare and southwest suburbs of Harare presented higher rate ratios. Suburbs attack rates ranged from 1.2 (95% Cl = 0.7-1.6) cases per 1000 people in Tynwald to 90.3 (95% Cl = 82.8-98.2) in Hopley. The identification of this spatial pattern in the spread, characterised by low risk in low density residential housing, and a higher risk in high density south west suburbs and Mbare, could be used to advocate for improving water and sanitation conditions and specific preparedness measures in the most affected areas.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rightsPublished by Elsevier Archived on this site with the kind permission of Elsevier Ltd. ([url]http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00359203[/url]) and the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene ([url]http://www.rstmh.org/transactions.asp[/url])en
dc.titleDescriptive spatial analysis of the cholera epidemic 2008-2009 in Harare, Zimbabwe: a secondary data analysis.en
dc.contributor.departmentMédecins Sans Frontières, Medical department (Brussels Operational Center), 94, rue Dupre, 1090 Brussels, Belgium.en
dc.identifier.journalTransactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygieneen
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