Clinical screening for HIV in a health centre setting in urban Kenya: an entry point for voluntary counselling, HIV testing and early diagnosis of HIV infection?

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/17259
Title:
Clinical screening for HIV in a health centre setting in urban Kenya: an entry point for voluntary counselling, HIV testing and early diagnosis of HIV infection?
Authors:
Arendt, V; Mossong, J; Zachariah, R; Inwani, C; Farah, B; Robert, I; Waelbrouck, A; Fonck, K
Journal:
Tropical Doctor
Abstract:
A study was conducted among patients attending a public health centre in Nairobi, Kenya in order to (a) verify the prevalence of HIV, (b) identify clinical risk factors associated with HIV and (c) determine clinical markers for clinical screening of HIV infection at the health centre level. Of 304 individuals involved in the study,107(35%) were HIV positive. A clinical screening algorithm based on four clinical markers, namely oral thrush, past or present TB, past or present herpes zoster and prurigo would pick out 61 (57%) of the 107 HIV-positive individuals. In a resource-poor setting, introducing a clinical screening algorithm for HIV at the health centre level could provide an opportunity for targeting voluntary counselling and HIV testing, and early access to a range of prevention and care interventions.
Affiliation:
Médecins Sans Frontières, Mission Kenya, Brussels Operational Centre, Brussels, Belgium.
Issue Date:
Jan-2007
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/17259
DOI:
10.1258/004947507779951899
PubMed ID:
17326892
Additional Links:
http://td.rsmjournals.com
Language:
en
ISSN:
0049-4755
Appears in Collections:
HIV/AIDS

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorArendt, V-
dc.contributor.authorMossong, J-
dc.contributor.authorZachariah, R-
dc.contributor.authorInwani, C-
dc.contributor.authorFarah, B-
dc.contributor.authorRobert, I-
dc.contributor.authorWaelbrouck, A-
dc.contributor.authorFonck, K-
dc.date.accessioned2008-01-31T15:25:35Z-
dc.date.available2008-01-31T15:25:35Z-
dc.date.issued2007-01-
dc.identifier.citationClinical screening for HIV in a health centre setting in urban Kenya: an entry point for voluntary counselling, HIV testing and early diagnosis of HIV infection? 2007, 37 (1):45-7notTrop Docten
dc.identifier.issn0049-4755-
dc.identifier.pmid17326892-
dc.identifier.doi10.1258/004947507779951899-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/17259-
dc.description.abstractA study was conducted among patients attending a public health centre in Nairobi, Kenya in order to (a) verify the prevalence of HIV, (b) identify clinical risk factors associated with HIV and (c) determine clinical markers for clinical screening of HIV infection at the health centre level. Of 304 individuals involved in the study,107(35%) were HIV positive. A clinical screening algorithm based on four clinical markers, namely oral thrush, past or present TB, past or present herpes zoster and prurigo would pick out 61 (57%) of the 107 HIV-positive individuals. In a resource-poor setting, introducing a clinical screening algorithm for HIV at the health centre level could provide an opportunity for targeting voluntary counselling and HIV testing, and early access to a range of prevention and care interventions.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://td.rsmjournals.com-
dc.rightsReproduced on this site with the permission of Royal Society of Medicine Press, Londonen
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten
dc.subject.meshAdulten
dc.subject.meshAlgorithmsen
dc.subject.meshAmbulatory Care Facilitiesen
dc.subject.meshCounselingen
dc.subject.meshEarly Diagnosisen
dc.subject.meshFemaleen
dc.subject.meshHIV Infectionsen
dc.subject.meshHIV-1en
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshKenyaen
dc.subject.meshMaleen
dc.subject.meshMass Screeningen
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden
dc.subject.meshPredictive Value of Testsen
dc.subject.meshPrevalenceen
dc.subject.meshQuestionnairesen
dc.subject.meshRisk Factorsen
dc.subject.meshSensitivity and Specificityen
dc.subject.meshUrban Health Servicesen
dc.subject.meshVoluntary Programsen
dc.titleClinical screening for HIV in a health centre setting in urban Kenya: an entry point for voluntary counselling, HIV testing and early diagnosis of HIV infection?en
dc.contributor.departmentMédecins Sans Frontières, Mission Kenya, Brussels Operational Centre, Brussels, Belgium.en
dc.identifier.journalTropical Doctoren

Related articles on PubMed

All Items in MSF are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.