Emergence or re-emergence of visceral leishmaniasis in areas of Somalia, north-eastern Kenya, and south-eastern Ethiopia in 2000-01.

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/17285
Title:
Emergence or re-emergence of visceral leishmaniasis in areas of Somalia, north-eastern Kenya, and south-eastern Ethiopia in 2000-01.
Authors:
Marlet, M V L; Sang, D K; Ritmeijer, K; Muga, R O; Onsongo, J; Davidson, R N
Journal:
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Abstract:
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) was known to be endemic in Somalia along the basins of the (Middle) Shebelle and (Lower) Juba rivers, and in Kenya in parts of the Rift Valley, on the border with Uganda and the Eastern Provinces. From May 2000 to August 2001, we diagnosed 904 patients with VL. The patients came from an area which spanned the Wajir and Mandera districts of north-eastern Kenya, southern Somalia, and south-eastern Ethiopia. Small numbers of patients were also seen in northern Somalia. These areas were either previously non-endemic for VL, or had only sporadic cases prior to the epidemic. We describe the features of the outbreak and review the history of VL in the region. Unusual rainfall patterns, malnutrition, and migration of a Leishmania-infected population seeking food and security may have contributed to this outbreak.
Affiliation:
Medecins Sans Frontieres-Holland, Max Euweplein, EA Amsterdam, The Netherlands. mvlmarlet@hetnet.nl
Publisher:
Elsevier
Issue Date:
31-Jan-2008
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/17285
PubMed ID:
15307414
Additional Links:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00359203
Language:
en
ISSN:
0035-9203
Appears in Collections:
Leishmaniasis/Kala Azar

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMarlet, M V L-
dc.contributor.authorSang, D K-
dc.contributor.authorRitmeijer, K-
dc.contributor.authorMuga, R O-
dc.contributor.authorOnsongo, J-
dc.contributor.authorDavidson, R N-
dc.date.accessioned2008-01-31T16:24:00Z-
dc.date.available2008-01-31T16:24:00Z-
dc.date.issued2008-01-31T16:24:00Z-
dc.identifier.citationEmergence or re-emergence of visceral leishmaniasis in areas of Somalia, north-eastern Kenya, and south-eastern Ethiopia in 2000-01., 97 (5):515-8 Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg.en
dc.identifier.issn0035-9203-
dc.identifier.pmid15307414-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/17285-
dc.description.abstractVisceral leishmaniasis (VL) was known to be endemic in Somalia along the basins of the (Middle) Shebelle and (Lower) Juba rivers, and in Kenya in parts of the Rift Valley, on the border with Uganda and the Eastern Provinces. From May 2000 to August 2001, we diagnosed 904 patients with VL. The patients came from an area which spanned the Wajir and Mandera districts of north-eastern Kenya, southern Somalia, and south-eastern Ethiopia. Small numbers of patients were also seen in northern Somalia. These areas were either previously non-endemic for VL, or had only sporadic cases prior to the epidemic. We describe the features of the outbreak and review the history of VL in the region. Unusual rainfall patterns, malnutrition, and migration of a Leishmania-infected population seeking food and security may have contributed to this outbreak.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevier-
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00359203-
dc.rightsArchived on this site with the kind permission of Elsevier Ltd. and the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, http://www.rstmh.org/transactions.aspen
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten
dc.subject.meshAdulten
dc.subject.meshAfrica, Easternen
dc.subject.meshAge Distributionen
dc.subject.meshAgeden
dc.subject.meshAntimony Sodium Gluconateen
dc.subject.meshAntiprotozoal Agentsen
dc.subject.meshChilden
dc.subject.meshChild, Preschoolen
dc.subject.meshDisease Outbreaksen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshInfanten
dc.subject.meshInfant, Newbornen
dc.subject.meshLeishmaniasis, Visceralen
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden
dc.subject.meshSex Distributionen
dc.titleEmergence or re-emergence of visceral leishmaniasis in areas of Somalia, north-eastern Kenya, and south-eastern Ethiopia in 2000-01.en
dc.contributor.departmentMedecins Sans Frontieres-Holland, Max Euweplein, EA Amsterdam, The Netherlands. mvlmarlet@hetnet.nlen
dc.identifier.journalTransactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygieneen

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