The Prevalence of Mental Health Problems in Rwandan and Burundese Refugee Camps

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/18112
Title:
The Prevalence of Mental Health Problems in Rwandan and Burundese Refugee Camps
Authors:
de Jong, J; Scholte, W F; Koeter, M W; Hart, A A
Journal:
Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Abstract:
OBJECTIVE: We examined the prevalence of mental health problems in refugees living in camps that emerged in Tanzania during the Rwanda crisis that started in 1994. METHOD: Using the 28-item version of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), we examined two samples: a random sample (n = 854) and a sample of clients of a psychosocial support programme in these camps (n = 23). Sensitivity, specificity and positive- and negative predictive values were estimated for several cut-off scores of the GHQ-28. RESULTS: The prevalence of serious mental health problems was estimated at 50% (SE 12%). When using the GHQ-28 as a screener, a cut-off score of 14 is recommended. CONCLUSION: Given the high prevalence of mental health problems, psychosocial programmes for large refugee populations should aim at strengthening community structures and supporting groups instead of focusing at individuals. The screening capacity of the GHQ-28 could be used to identify mentally vulnerable groups.
Affiliation:
Médecins Sans Frontières, Holland, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Issue Date:
Sep-2000
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/18112
PubMed ID:
11008851
Language:
en
ISSN:
0001-690X
Appears in Collections:
Mental Health

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorde Jong, J-
dc.contributor.authorScholte, W F-
dc.contributor.authorKoeter, M W-
dc.contributor.authorHart, A A-
dc.date.accessioned2008-02-12T16:17:42Z-
dc.date.available2008-02-12T16:17:42Z-
dc.date.issued2000-09-
dc.identifier.citationThe Prevalence of Mental Health Problems in Rwandan and Burundese Refugee Camps. 2000, 102 (3):171-7notActa Psychiatr Scanden
dc.identifier.issn0001-690X-
dc.identifier.pmid11008851-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/18112-
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: We examined the prevalence of mental health problems in refugees living in camps that emerged in Tanzania during the Rwanda crisis that started in 1994. METHOD: Using the 28-item version of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), we examined two samples: a random sample (n = 854) and a sample of clients of a psychosocial support programme in these camps (n = 23). Sensitivity, specificity and positive- and negative predictive values were estimated for several cut-off scores of the GHQ-28. RESULTS: The prevalence of serious mental health problems was estimated at 50% (SE 12%). When using the GHQ-28 as a screener, a cut-off score of 14 is recommended. CONCLUSION: Given the high prevalence of mental health problems, psychosocial programmes for large refugee populations should aim at strengthening community structures and supporting groups instead of focusing at individuals. The screening capacity of the GHQ-28 could be used to identify mentally vulnerable groups.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavicaen
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten
dc.subject.meshAdulten
dc.subject.meshBurundien
dc.subject.meshFemaleen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshMaleen
dc.subject.meshMass Screeningen
dc.subject.meshMental Disordersen
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden
dc.subject.meshPrevalenceen
dc.subject.meshQuestionnairesen
dc.subject.meshRefugeesen
dc.subject.meshRwandaen
dc.subject.meshSensitivity and Specificityen
dc.titleThe Prevalence of Mental Health Problems in Rwandan and Burundese Refugee Campsen
dc.contributor.departmentMédecins Sans Frontières, Holland, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.en
dc.identifier.journalActa Psychiatrica Scandinavicaen
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