Impact of a mass vaccination campaign against a meningitis epidemic in a refugee camp.

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/18817
Title:
Impact of a mass vaccination campaign against a meningitis epidemic in a refugee camp.
Authors:
Haelterman, E; Boelaert, M; Suetens, C; Blok, L; Henkens, M; Toole, M J
Journal:
Tropical Medicine & International Health
Abstract:
Serogroup A meningococcus epidemics occurred in refugee populations in Zaire in August 1994. The paper analyses the public health impact of a mass vaccination campaign implemented in a large refugee camp. We compared meningitis incidence rates from 2 similar camps. In Kibumba camp, vaccination was implemented early in the course of the epidemic whilst in the control camp (Katale), vaccination was delayed. At a threshold of 15 cases per 100 000 population per week an immunization campaign was implemented. Attack rates were 94 and 134 per 100,000 in Kibumba and Katale respectively over 2 months. In Kibumba, one week after crossing the threshold, 121,588 doses of vaccine were administered covering 76% of all refugees. Vaccination may have prevented 68 cases (30% of the expected cases). Despite its rapid institution and the high coverage achieved, the vaccination campaign had a limited impact on morbidity due to meningitis. In the early phase in refugee camps, the relative priorities of meningitis vaccination and case management need to be better defined.
Affiliation:
Médecins Sans Frontières Belgium, Brussels, Belgium.
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell
Issue Date:
Jun-1996
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/18817
PubMed ID:
8673844
Additional Links:
http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/tmi
Language:
en
ISSN:
1360-2276
Appears in Collections:
Vaccination

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHaelterman, E-
dc.contributor.authorBoelaert, M-
dc.contributor.authorSuetens, C-
dc.contributor.authorBlok, L-
dc.contributor.authorHenkens, M-
dc.contributor.authorToole, M J-
dc.date.accessioned2008-02-21T13:01:33Z-
dc.date.available2008-02-21T13:01:33Z-
dc.date.issued1996-06-
dc.identifier.citationImpact of a mass vaccination campaign against a meningitis epidemic in a refugee camp. 1996, 1 (3):385-92 Trop. Med. Int. Healthen
dc.identifier.issn1360-2276-
dc.identifier.pmid8673844-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/18817-
dc.description.abstractSerogroup A meningococcus epidemics occurred in refugee populations in Zaire in August 1994. The paper analyses the public health impact of a mass vaccination campaign implemented in a large refugee camp. We compared meningitis incidence rates from 2 similar camps. In Kibumba camp, vaccination was implemented early in the course of the epidemic whilst in the control camp (Katale), vaccination was delayed. At a threshold of 15 cases per 100 000 population per week an immunization campaign was implemented. Attack rates were 94 and 134 per 100,000 in Kibumba and Katale respectively over 2 months. In Kibumba, one week after crossing the threshold, 121,588 doses of vaccine were administered covering 76% of all refugees. Vaccination may have prevented 68 cases (30% of the expected cases). Despite its rapid institution and the high coverage achieved, the vaccination campaign had a limited impact on morbidity due to meningitis. In the early phase in refugee camps, the relative priorities of meningitis vaccination and case management need to be better defined.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwell-
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/tmi-
dc.rightsArchived on this site with the kind permission of Wiley-Blackwellen
dc.subject.meshDemocratic Republic of the Congoen
dc.subject.meshDisease Outbreaksen
dc.subject.meshHealth Promotionen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshIncidenceen
dc.subject.meshMeningitis, Meningococcalen
dc.subject.meshRefugeesen
dc.subject.meshRwandaen
dc.subject.meshVaccinationen
dc.titleImpact of a mass vaccination campaign against a meningitis epidemic in a refugee camp.en
dc.contributor.departmentMédecins Sans Frontières Belgium, Brussels, Belgium.en
dc.identifier.journalTropical Medicine & International Healthen

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