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Title: Against the Odds: Psychomotor Development of Children Under 2 years in a Sudanese Orphanage.
Authors: Espié, Emmanuelle
Ouss, Lisa
Gaboulaud, Valérie
Candilis, Drina
Ahmed, Khalid
Cohuet, Sandra
Baubet, Thierry
Grais, Rebecca F
Moro, Marie-Rose
Affiliation: Epicentre, Paris, France.
Citation: Against the Odds: Psychomotor Development of Children Under 2 years in a Sudanese Orphanage. 2011:notJ Trop Pediatr
Publisher: Oxford Journals
Journal: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
Issue Date: 6-Jan-2011
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10144/188250
DOI: 10.1093/tropej/fmq117
PubMed ID: 21212129
Additional Links: http://tropej.oxfordjournals.org/
Abstract: Providing abandoned children the necessary medical and psychological care as possible after their institutionalization may minimize developmental delays. We describe psychomotor development in infants admitted to an orphanage in Khartoum, Sudan, assessed at admission and over an 18-month follow-up. Psychological state and psychomotor quotients were determined using a simplified Neonatal Behavior Assessment Scale (NBAS), the Brunet-Lezine and Alarm distress baby (ADBB) scale. From May-September 2005, 151 children were evaluated 2, 4, 9, 12 and 18 months after inclusion. At admission, ∼15% of children ≤1 month had a regulation impairment according to the NBAS, and 33.8% presented a distress state (ADBB score >5). More than 85% (129/151) recovered normal psychomotor development. The results of the program reinforce the importance of early detection of psychological disorders followed by rapid implementation of psychological case management to improve the development of young children in similar institutions and circumstances.
Type: Article
Language: en
Keywords: Mental health
Sudan
ISSN: 1465-3664
Rights: Published by Oxford University Press Archived on this site with kind permission from Oxford University Press
Appears in topics: Mental Health

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