Mortality and Malnutrition Among Populations Living in South Darfur, Sudan: Results of 3 Surveys, September 2004.

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/18903
Title:
Mortality and Malnutrition Among Populations Living in South Darfur, Sudan: Results of 3 Surveys, September 2004.
Authors:
Grandesso, F; Sanderson, F; Kruijt, J; Koene, T; Brown, V
Journal:
JAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Association
Abstract:
CONTEXT: Mass violence against civilians in the west of Sudan has resulted in the displacement of more than 1.5 million people (25% of the population of the Darfur region). Most of these people are camped in 142 settlements. There has been increasing international concern about the health status of the displaced population. OBJECTIVE: To perform rapid epidemiological assessments of mortality and nutritional status at 3 sites in South Darfur for relief efforts. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: In August and September 2004, mortality surveys were conducted among 137,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in 3 sites in South Darfur (Kass [n = 900 households], Kalma [n = 893 households], and Muhajiria [n = 900 households]). A nutritional survey was performed concomitantly among children aged 6 to 59 months using weight for height as an index of acute malnutrition (Kass [n = 894], Kalma [n = 888], and Muhajiria [n = 896]). A questionnaire detailing access to food and basic services was administered to a subset of households (n = 210 in each site). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Crude and under 5-year mortality rates and nutritional status of IDPs in Kass, Kalma, and Muhajiria, South Darfur. RESULTS: Crude mortality rates, expressed as deaths per 10,000 per day, were 3.2 (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.2-4.1) in Kass, 2.0 (95% CI, 1.3-2.7) in Kalma, and 2.3 (95% CI, 1.2-3.4) in Muhajiria. Under 5-year mortality rates were 5.9 (95% CI, 3.8-8.0) in Kass, 3.5 (95% CI, 1.5-5.7) in Kalma, and 1.0 (95% CI, 0.03-1.9) in Muhajiria. During the period of displacement covered by our survey in Muhajiria, violence was reported to be responsible for 72% of deaths, mainly among young men. Diarrheal disease was reported to cause between 25% and 47% of deaths in camp residents and mainly affected the youngest and oldest age groups. Acute malnutrition was common, affecting 14.1% of the target population in Kass, 23.6% in Kalma, and 10.7% in Muhajiria. CONCLUSION: This study provides epidemiological evidence of the high rates of mortality and malnutrition among the displaced population in South Darfur and reinforces the need to mount appropriate and timely humanitarian responses.
Affiliation:
Epicentre, Paris, France.
Issue Date:
23-Mar-2005
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/18903
DOI:
10.1001/jama.293.12.1490
PubMed ID:
15784873
Additional Links:
http://jama.ama-assn.org/
Language:
en
ISSN:
1538-3598
Appears in Collections:
Nutrition

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorGrandesso, F-
dc.contributor.authorSanderson, F-
dc.contributor.authorKruijt, J-
dc.contributor.authorKoene, T-
dc.contributor.authorBrown, V-
dc.date.accessioned2008-02-21T16:57:30Z-
dc.date.available2008-02-21T16:57:30Z-
dc.date.issued2005-03-23-
dc.identifier.citationMortality and Malnutrition Among Populations Living in South Darfur, Sudan: Results of 3 Surveys, September 2004. 2005, 293 (12):1490-4 JAMAen
dc.identifier.issn1538-3598-
dc.identifier.pmid15784873-
dc.identifier.doi10.1001/jama.293.12.1490-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/18903-
dc.description.abstractCONTEXT: Mass violence against civilians in the west of Sudan has resulted in the displacement of more than 1.5 million people (25% of the population of the Darfur region). Most of these people are camped in 142 settlements. There has been increasing international concern about the health status of the displaced population. OBJECTIVE: To perform rapid epidemiological assessments of mortality and nutritional status at 3 sites in South Darfur for relief efforts. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: In August and September 2004, mortality surveys were conducted among 137,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in 3 sites in South Darfur (Kass [n = 900 households], Kalma [n = 893 households], and Muhajiria [n = 900 households]). A nutritional survey was performed concomitantly among children aged 6 to 59 months using weight for height as an index of acute malnutrition (Kass [n = 894], Kalma [n = 888], and Muhajiria [n = 896]). A questionnaire detailing access to food and basic services was administered to a subset of households (n = 210 in each site). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Crude and under 5-year mortality rates and nutritional status of IDPs in Kass, Kalma, and Muhajiria, South Darfur. RESULTS: Crude mortality rates, expressed as deaths per 10,000 per day, were 3.2 (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.2-4.1) in Kass, 2.0 (95% CI, 1.3-2.7) in Kalma, and 2.3 (95% CI, 1.2-3.4) in Muhajiria. Under 5-year mortality rates were 5.9 (95% CI, 3.8-8.0) in Kass, 3.5 (95% CI, 1.5-5.7) in Kalma, and 1.0 (95% CI, 0.03-1.9) in Muhajiria. During the period of displacement covered by our survey in Muhajiria, violence was reported to be responsible for 72% of deaths, mainly among young men. Diarrheal disease was reported to cause between 25% and 47% of deaths in camp residents and mainly affected the youngest and oldest age groups. Acute malnutrition was common, affecting 14.1% of the target population in Kass, 23.6% in Kalma, and 10.7% in Muhajiria. CONCLUSION: This study provides epidemiological evidence of the high rates of mortality and malnutrition among the displaced population in South Darfur and reinforces the need to mount appropriate and timely humanitarian responses.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://jama.ama-assn.org/-
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to the American Medical Associationen
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten
dc.subject.meshAdulten
dc.subject.meshAgeden
dc.subject.meshChilden
dc.subject.meshChild, Preschoolen
dc.subject.meshHealth Surveysen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshInfanten
dc.subject.meshMalnutritionen
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden
dc.subject.meshMortalityen
dc.subject.meshRefugeesen
dc.subject.meshSudanen
dc.subject.meshViolenceen
dc.subject.meshWaren
dc.titleMortality and Malnutrition Among Populations Living in South Darfur, Sudan: Results of 3 Surveys, September 2004.en
dc.contributor.departmentEpicentre, Paris, France.en
dc.identifier.journalJAMA : the Journal of the American Medical Associationen

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