Measles epidemic in the urban community of Niamey: transmission patterns, vaccine efficacy and immunization strategies, Niger, 1990 to 1991.

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/19918
Title:
Measles epidemic in the urban community of Niamey: transmission patterns, vaccine efficacy and immunization strategies, Niger, 1990 to 1991.
Authors:
Malfait, P; Jataou, I M; Jollet, M C; Margot, A; De Benoist, A C; Moren, A
Journal:
The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Abstract:
From October 1, 1990, until April 28, 1991, 13,578 cases of measles were reported in the urban community of Niamey, Niger. Vaccine coverages (one dose of Schwarz vaccine given after 9 months) in urban community of Niamey were, respectively, 63% at the age of 12 months and 73% at 24 months before the epidemic. Incidence rates were the highest among children ages 6 to 8 months and 9 to 11 months and 22% of the cases were less than 1 year old. Vaccine efficacy estimates ranged from 86 to 94% according to age groups and the method used (screening method, case control study, retrospective cohort study). The risk of transmission of illness increased with the intensity of contact with a case. Contact with a health facility 7 to 22 days before onset of rash was not a risk factor. Seasonal migrants in Niamey were more likely to develop measles. Recommendations included implementation of an early two dose schedule of measles immunization during the outbreak, vaccination offered at each contact with a health facility, radio and television advertising for measles immunization and distribution of vitamin A to all measles cases.
Affiliation:
Epicentre, Paris, France.
Issue Date:
Jan-1994
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/19918
PubMed ID:
8170731
Language:
en
ISSN:
0891-3668
Appears in Collections:
Vaccination; Other Diseases

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMalfait, P-
dc.contributor.authorJataou, I M-
dc.contributor.authorJollet, M C-
dc.contributor.authorMargot, A-
dc.contributor.authorDe Benoist, A C-
dc.contributor.authorMoren, A-
dc.date.accessioned2008-03-06T14:25:50Z-
dc.date.available2008-03-06T14:25:50Z-
dc.date.issued1994-01-
dc.identifier.citationMeasles epidemic in the urban community of Niamey: transmission patterns, vaccine efficacy and immunization strategies, Niger, 1990 to 1991. 1994, 13 (1):38-45 Pediatr. Infect. Dis. J.en
dc.identifier.issn0891-3668-
dc.identifier.pmid8170731-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/19918-
dc.description.abstractFrom October 1, 1990, until April 28, 1991, 13,578 cases of measles were reported in the urban community of Niamey, Niger. Vaccine coverages (one dose of Schwarz vaccine given after 9 months) in urban community of Niamey were, respectively, 63% at the age of 12 months and 73% at 24 months before the epidemic. Incidence rates were the highest among children ages 6 to 8 months and 9 to 11 months and 22% of the cases were less than 1 year old. Vaccine efficacy estimates ranged from 86 to 94% according to age groups and the method used (screening method, case control study, retrospective cohort study). The risk of transmission of illness increased with the intensity of contact with a case. Contact with a health facility 7 to 22 days before onset of rash was not a risk factor. Seasonal migrants in Niamey were more likely to develop measles. Recommendations included implementation of an early two dose schedule of measles immunization during the outbreak, vaccination offered at each contact with a health facility, radio and television advertising for measles immunization and distribution of vitamin A to all measles cases.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rightsPublished by Wolters Kluwer Lippincott Williams & Wilkins - Archived on this site by kind permission Wolters Kluweren
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten
dc.subject.meshCase-Control Studiesen
dc.subject.meshChilden
dc.subject.meshChild, Preschoolen
dc.subject.meshCohort Studiesen
dc.subject.meshDisease Outbreaksen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshIncidenceen
dc.subject.meshInfanten
dc.subject.meshInfant, Newbornen
dc.subject.meshMeaslesen
dc.subject.meshMeasles Vaccineen
dc.subject.meshNigeren
dc.subject.meshRetrospective Studiesen
dc.subject.meshRisk Factorsen
dc.subject.meshTreatment Outcomeen
dc.subject.meshUrban Populationen
dc.titleMeasles epidemic in the urban community of Niamey: transmission patterns, vaccine efficacy and immunization strategies, Niger, 1990 to 1991.en
dc.contributor.departmentEpicentre, Paris, France.en
dc.identifier.journalThe Pediatric Infectious Disease Journalen

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