[Man-water contacts and urinary schistosomiasis in a Mauritanian village]

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/19978
Title:
[Man-water contacts and urinary schistosomiasis in a Mauritanian village]
Authors:
Etard, J F; Borel, E
Journal:
Revue d'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
Abstract:
For the period September to December 1985, 1226 water contacts were recorded during 8 days of direct observation. Various activities were analysed in order to determine their responsibility in transmission. An index of exposure, allowing for duration of contact, body surface exposed and infectiousness of the water was calculated for each contact. Domestic contacts, primarily female, represented 62% of the observations but only 15% of total exposure. Conversely, contacts for recreational purposes mainly involved young boys and accounted for 14% of the observations and 70% of total exposure. Between 6 and 20 years of age the mean index of exposure by contact was higher in males than in females. Changing water contact behavior seems to be an unrealistic means of preventing transmission in the community studied. The most appropriate strategy of control would appear to be selective treatment of heavily infected individuals.
Affiliation:
Département de Parsitologie et Médecine Tropicale, Université Lyon I et Médecins sans Frontières, Paris, France.
Issue Date:
1992
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/19978
PubMed ID:
1462034
Language:
fr
ISSN:
0398-7620
Appears in Collections:
Other Diseases

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorEtard, J F-
dc.contributor.authorBorel, E-
dc.date.accessioned2008-03-06T14:28:34Z-
dc.date.available2008-03-06T14:28:34Z-
dc.date.issued1992-
dc.identifier.citation[Man-water contacts and urinary schistosomiasis in a Mauritanian village] 1992, 40 (4):268-75notRev Epidemiol Sante Publiqueen
dc.identifier.issn0398-7620-
dc.identifier.pmid1462034-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/19978-
dc.description.abstractFor the period September to December 1985, 1226 water contacts were recorded during 8 days of direct observation. Various activities were analysed in order to determine their responsibility in transmission. An index of exposure, allowing for duration of contact, body surface exposed and infectiousness of the water was calculated for each contact. Domestic contacts, primarily female, represented 62% of the observations but only 15% of total exposure. Conversely, contacts for recreational purposes mainly involved young boys and accounted for 14% of the observations and 70% of total exposure. Between 6 and 20 years of age the mean index of exposure by contact was higher in males than in females. Changing water contact behavior seems to be an unrealistic means of preventing transmission in the community studied. The most appropriate strategy of control would appear to be selective treatment of heavily infected individuals.en
dc.languagefre-
dc.language.isofren
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Revue d'épidémiologie et de Santé Publiqueen
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten
dc.subject.meshAdulten
dc.subject.meshAnalysis of Varianceen
dc.subject.meshChilden
dc.subject.meshConfidence Intervalsen
dc.subject.meshEnvironmental Exposureen
dc.subject.meshFemaleen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshMaleen
dc.subject.meshMauritaniaen
dc.subject.meshSchistosomiasis haematobiaen
dc.subject.meshTime Factorsen
dc.subject.meshWater Supplyen
dc.subject.meshWeatheren
dc.title[Man-water contacts and urinary schistosomiasis in a Mauritanian village]fr
dc.contributor.departmentDépartement de Parsitologie et Médecine Tropicale, Université Lyon I et Médecins sans Frontières, Paris, France.en
dc.identifier.journalRevue d'épidémiologie et de Santé Publiqueen

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