Are Expert Patients an Untapped Resource for ART Provision in Sub-Saharan Africa?

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/227596
Title:
Are Expert Patients an Untapped Resource for ART Provision in Sub-Saharan Africa?
Authors:
Decroo, Tom; Van Damme, Wim; Kegels, Guy; Remartinez, Daniel; Rasschaert, Freya
Journal:
AIDS Research and Treatment
Abstract:
Since the introduction of antiretroviral treatment, HIV/AIDS can be framed as a chronic lifelong condition, requiring lifelong adherence to medication. Reinforcement of self-management through information, acquisition of problem solving skills, motivation, and peer support is expected to allow PLWHA to become involved as expert patients in the care management and to decrease the dependency on scarce skilled medical staff. We developed a conceptual framework to analyse how PLWHA can become expert patients and performed a literature review on involvement of PLWHA as expert patients in ART provision in Sub-Saharan Africa. This paper revealed two published examples: one on trained PLWHA in Kenya and another on self-formed peer groups in Mozambique. Both programs fit the concept of the expert patient and describe how community-embedded ART programs can be effective and improve the accessibility and affordability of ART. Using their day-to-day experience of living with HIV, expert patients are able to provide better fitting solutions to practical and psychosocial barriers to adherence. There is a need for careful design of models in which expert patients are involved in essential care functions, capacitated, and empowered to manage their condition and support fellow peers, as an untapped resource to control HIV/AIDS.
Affiliation:
Médecins Sans Frontières, Avenue Eduardo Mondlane 38, Tete, Mozambique.
Issue Date:
Apr-2012
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/227596
DOI:
10.1155/2012/749718
PubMed ID:
22577527
Language:
en
ISSN:
2090-1259
Appears in Collections:
HIV/AIDS

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorDecroo, Tomen_GB
dc.contributor.authorVan Damme, Wimen_GB
dc.contributor.authorKegels, Guyen_GB
dc.contributor.authorRemartinez, Danielen_GB
dc.contributor.authorRasschaert, Freyaen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-06T10:10:23Z-
dc.date.available2012-06-06T10:10:23Z-
dc.date.issued2012-04-
dc.identifier.citationAre Expert Patients an Untapped Resource for ART Provision in Sub-Saharan Africa? 2012, 2012:749718 AIDS Res Treaten_GB
dc.identifier.issn2090-1259-
dc.identifier.pmid22577527-
dc.identifier.doi10.1155/2012/749718-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/227596-
dc.description.abstractSince the introduction of antiretroviral treatment, HIV/AIDS can be framed as a chronic lifelong condition, requiring lifelong adherence to medication. Reinforcement of self-management through information, acquisition of problem solving skills, motivation, and peer support is expected to allow PLWHA to become involved as expert patients in the care management and to decrease the dependency on scarce skilled medical staff. We developed a conceptual framework to analyse how PLWHA can become expert patients and performed a literature review on involvement of PLWHA as expert patients in ART provision in Sub-Saharan Africa. This paper revealed two published examples: one on trained PLWHA in Kenya and another on self-formed peer groups in Mozambique. Both programs fit the concept of the expert patient and describe how community-embedded ART programs can be effective and improve the accessibility and affordability of ART. Using their day-to-day experience of living with HIV, expert patients are able to provide better fitting solutions to practical and psychosocial barriers to adherence. There is a need for careful design of models in which expert patients are involved in essential care functions, capacitated, and empowered to manage their condition and support fellow peers, as an untapped resource to control HIV/AIDS.en_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to AIDS Research and Treatment and Open Accessen_GB
dc.titleAre Expert Patients an Untapped Resource for ART Provision in Sub-Saharan Africa?en
dc.contributor.departmentMédecins Sans Frontières, Avenue Eduardo Mondlane 38, Tete, Mozambique.en_GB
dc.identifier.journalAIDS Research and Treatmenten_GB
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