Management of Cholera Epidemics in a Refugee Camp

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/23160
Title:
Management of Cholera Epidemics in a Refugee Camp
Authors:
Brown, V; Jacquier, G; Bachy, C; Bitar, D; Legros, D
Journal:
Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
Abstract:
Cholera epidemics in refugee camps represent a major public health emergency. In camps, precarious living conditions contribute to the transmission of the vibrio. Among the major epidemics reported in camps, we note as well those which have affected Africa in the last two decades. These epidemics are characterized by high attack rates and high case fatality ratios. Attack rates in refugee camps can exceed 5%. Appropriate control measures are adopted at international level. Actions carried out urgently must allow the proper supply of water, the control of excreta, and the improvement of general sanitary conditions and individual hygiene. Efficient management of cases in specialized cholera treatment centres (CTC) should decrease the case fatality ratio to less than 1%. Treatment is mainly based on the prompt rehydration of patients. For wide camps, rapid access to oral rehydration units is essential. Availability of all necessary equipment in kit form is required.
Affiliation:
Epicentre, 8 rue Saint Sabin, 75011 Paris, France.
Issue Date:
Dec-2002
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/23160
PubMed ID:
12696374
Language:
fr
ISSN:
0037-9085
Appears in Collections:
Emergencies/refugees

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorBrown, V-
dc.contributor.authorJacquier, G-
dc.contributor.authorBachy, C-
dc.contributor.authorBitar, D-
dc.contributor.authorLegros, D-
dc.date.accessioned2008-04-14T11:16:50Z-
dc.date.available2008-04-14T11:16:50Z-
dc.date.issued2002-12-
dc.identifier.citation[Management of Cholera Epidemics in a Refugee Camp] 2002, 95 (5):351-4notBull Soc Pathol Exoten
dc.identifier.issn0037-9085-
dc.identifier.pmid12696374-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/23160-
dc.description.abstractCholera epidemics in refugee camps represent a major public health emergency. In camps, precarious living conditions contribute to the transmission of the vibrio. Among the major epidemics reported in camps, we note as well those which have affected Africa in the last two decades. These epidemics are characterized by high attack rates and high case fatality ratios. Attack rates in refugee camps can exceed 5%. Appropriate control measures are adopted at international level. Actions carried out urgently must allow the proper supply of water, the control of excreta, and the improvement of general sanitary conditions and individual hygiene. Efficient management of cases in specialized cholera treatment centres (CTC) should decrease the case fatality ratio to less than 1%. Treatment is mainly based on the prompt rehydration of patients. For wide camps, rapid access to oral rehydration units is essential. Availability of all necessary equipment in kit form is required.en
dc.languagefre-
dc.language.isofren
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique (1990)en
dc.subject.meshCholeraen
dc.subject.meshCommunicable Disease Controlen
dc.subject.meshDemocratic Republic of the Congoen
dc.subject.meshDisease Outbreaksen
dc.subject.meshEmergenciesen
dc.subject.meshFluid Therapyen
dc.subject.meshHealth Services Accessibilityen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshMozambiqueen
dc.subject.meshPopulation Surveillanceen
dc.subject.meshPublic Healthen
dc.subject.meshRefugeesen
dc.subject.meshSanitationen
dc.subject.meshWater Microbiologyen
dc.subject.meshWater Purificationen
dc.titleManagement of Cholera Epidemics in a Refugee Campfr
dc.contributor.departmentEpicentre, 8 rue Saint Sabin, 75011 Paris, France.en
dc.identifier.journalBulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotiqueen

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