Mortality Rates, Causes of Death, and Health Status Among Displaced and Resident Populations of Kabul, Afghanistan.

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/23167
Title:
Mortality Rates, Causes of Death, and Health Status Among Displaced and Resident Populations of Kabul, Afghanistan.
Authors:
Gessner, B D
Journal:
Journal of the American Medical Association
Abstract:
OBJECTIVE--To determine the mortality and health effects from the current civil war in Kabul, Afghanistan. SUBJECTS--One resident population and one displaced population. DESIGN--Between November 22 and December 16, 1993, we conducted a retrospective, population-based, household survey, interviewing 312 displaced families and 300 resident families. RESULTS--During the 285 days before the survey, the highest average daily crude mortality rate and the mortality rate for those younger than 5 years (0.9 and 2.6 per 10,000 population per day, respectively) were among residents who had lived at their current location for 10 months or less. The average daily crude mortality rate and the mortality rate for those younger than 5 years were lower among displaced persons (0.6 and 1.9 per 10,000 per day) and lowest among residents who had lived at their current location for more than 10 months (0.5 and 0.6 per 10,000 per day). Overall, the most common cause of death for both groups was gunshot or other war trauma; for children younger than 5 years, deaths resulting from measles, diarrhea, and acute respiratory tract infection predominated. CONCLUSIONS--While provision of basic public health measures would likely decrease mortality among both displaced and resident populations, the most urgent health need is for a cessation of hostilities against the civilian population. During humanitarian relief operations, organizations should not focus exclusively on persons identified as displaced.
Affiliation:
Médecins Sans Frontières, Paris, France.
Issue Date:
3-Aug-1994
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/23167
PubMed ID:
8028170
Additional Links:
http://jama.ama-assn.org/
Language:
en
ISSN:
0098-7484
Appears in Collections:
Emergencies/refugees

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorGessner, B D-
dc.date.accessioned2008-04-14T11:51:51Z-
dc.date.available2008-04-14T11:51:51Z-
dc.date.issued1994-08-03-
dc.identifier.citationMortality Rates, Causes of Death, and Health Status Among Displaced and Resident Populations of Kabul, Afghanistan. 1994, 272 (5):382-5 JAMAen
dc.identifier.issn0098-7484-
dc.identifier.pmid8028170-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/23167-
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE--To determine the mortality and health effects from the current civil war in Kabul, Afghanistan. SUBJECTS--One resident population and one displaced population. DESIGN--Between November 22 and December 16, 1993, we conducted a retrospective, population-based, household survey, interviewing 312 displaced families and 300 resident families. RESULTS--During the 285 days before the survey, the highest average daily crude mortality rate and the mortality rate for those younger than 5 years (0.9 and 2.6 per 10,000 population per day, respectively) were among residents who had lived at their current location for 10 months or less. The average daily crude mortality rate and the mortality rate for those younger than 5 years were lower among displaced persons (0.6 and 1.9 per 10,000 per day) and lowest among residents who had lived at their current location for more than 10 months (0.5 and 0.6 per 10,000 per day). Overall, the most common cause of death for both groups was gunshot or other war trauma; for children younger than 5 years, deaths resulting from measles, diarrhea, and acute respiratory tract infection predominated. CONCLUSIONS--While provision of basic public health measures would likely decrease mortality among both displaced and resident populations, the most urgent health need is for a cessation of hostilities against the civilian population. During humanitarian relief operations, organizations should not focus exclusively on persons identified as displaced.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://jama.ama-assn.org/en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to the American Medical Associationen
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten
dc.subject.meshAdulten
dc.subject.meshAfghanistanen
dc.subject.meshAgeden
dc.subject.meshCause of Deathen
dc.subject.meshChilden
dc.subject.meshChild, Preschoolen
dc.subject.meshHealth Statusen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshInfanten
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden
dc.subject.meshMortalityen
dc.subject.meshNutritional Statusen
dc.subject.meshPopulation Surveillanceen
dc.subject.meshResidence Characteristicsen
dc.subject.meshRetrospective Studiesen
dc.subject.meshWaren
dc.titleMortality Rates, Causes of Death, and Health Status Among Displaced and Resident Populations of Kabul, Afghanistan.en
dc.contributor.departmentMédecins Sans Frontières, Paris, France.en
dc.identifier.journalJournal of the American Medical Associationen

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