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Title: Exposure to violence and PTSD symptoms among Somali women
Authors: de Jong, Kaz
van der Kam, Saskia
Swarthout, Todd
Ford, Nathan
Mills, Clair
Yun, Oliver
Kleber, Rolf J
Affiliation: Médecins sans Frontières, Doctors without Borders, Amsterdam, Geneva, New York; Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, New Zealand; Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, and Foundation Arq, Diemen, the Netherlands
Citation: J Trauma Stress 2011; 24(6):628-34
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Journal: Journal of Traumatic Stress
Issue Date: 5-Dec-2011
DOI: 10.1002/jts.20694
PubMed ID: 22144120
Additional Links:
Abstract: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, exposure to traumatic stressors, and health care utilization were examined in 84 women attending a primary health care clinic in Mogadishu, Somalia. The Somalia-Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale was used in this active warzone to measure symptoms. Nearly all women reported high levels of confrontations with violence; half described being exposed to a potentially traumatizing event. Nearly one third had significant PTSD symptoms. Compared to those who did not, women who reported exposure to a traumatic stressor reported more confrontations with violence (7.1 vs. 3.3; p < . 001), health complaints (3.8 vs. 2.9; p = .03), and nearly 3 times as much (p = .03) health service utilization. A potentially traumatizing event was found to be a simplified proxy for assessing mental health distress in women attending a primary health care facility in highly insecure, unpredictable, resource-limited settings.
Type: Article
Language: en
MeSH: Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic
ISSN: 1573-6598
Rights: Archived on this site with permission and copyright 2012 of John Wiley & Sons Inc
Appears in topics: Mental Health

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