Exposure to violence and PTSD symptoms among Somali women

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/242356
Title:
Exposure to violence and PTSD symptoms among Somali women
Authors:
de Jong, Kaz; van der Kam, Saskia; Swarthout, Todd; Ford, Nathan; Mills, Clair; Yun, Oliver; Kleber, Rolf J
Journal:
Journal of Traumatic Stress
Abstract:
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, exposure to traumatic stressors, and health care utilization were examined in 84 women attending a primary health care clinic in Mogadishu, Somalia. The Somalia-Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale was used in this active warzone to measure symptoms. Nearly all women reported high levels of confrontations with violence; half described being exposed to a potentially traumatizing event. Nearly one third had significant PTSD symptoms. Compared to those who did not, women who reported exposure to a traumatic stressor reported more confrontations with violence (7.1 vs. 3.3; p < . 001), health complaints (3.8 vs. 2.9; p = .03), and nearly 3 times as much (p = .03) health service utilization. A potentially traumatizing event was found to be a simplified proxy for assessing mental health distress in women attending a primary health care facility in highly insecure, unpredictable, resource-limited settings.
Affiliation:
Médecins sans Frontières, Doctors without Borders, Amsterdam, Geneva, New York; Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, New Zealand; Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, and Foundation Arq, Diemen, the Netherlands
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell
Issue Date:
5-Dec-2011
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/242356
DOI:
10.1002/jts.20694
PubMed ID:
22144120
Additional Links:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jts.20694/abstract
Type:
Article
Language:
en
ISSN:
1573-6598
Appears in Collections:
Mental Health

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorde Jong, Kazen_GB
dc.contributor.authorvan der Kam, Saskiaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSwarthout, Todden_GB
dc.contributor.authorFord, Nathanen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMills, Clairen_GB
dc.contributor.authorYun, Oliveren_GB
dc.contributor.authorKleber, Rolf Jen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-10T18:58:43Z-
dc.date.available2012-09-10T18:58:43Z-
dc.date.issued2011-12-05-
dc.identifier.citationJ Trauma Stress 2011; 24(6):628-34en_GB
dc.identifier.issn1573-6598-
dc.identifier.pmid22144120-
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/jts.20694-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/242356-
dc.description.abstractPosttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, exposure to traumatic stressors, and health care utilization were examined in 84 women attending a primary health care clinic in Mogadishu, Somalia. The Somalia-Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale was used in this active warzone to measure symptoms. Nearly all women reported high levels of confrontations with violence; half described being exposed to a potentially traumatizing event. Nearly one third had significant PTSD symptoms. Compared to those who did not, women who reported exposure to a traumatic stressor reported more confrontations with violence (7.1 vs. 3.3; p < . 001), health complaints (3.8 vs. 2.9; p = .03), and nearly 3 times as much (p = .03) health service utilization. A potentially traumatizing event was found to be a simplified proxy for assessing mental health distress in women attending a primary health care facility in highly insecure, unpredictable, resource-limited settings.en_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwellen_GB
dc.relation.urlhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jts.20694/abstracten_GB
dc.rightsArchived on this site with permission and copyright 2012 of John Wiley & Sons Incen_GB
dc.subject.meshStress Disorders, Post-Traumaticen_GB
dc.subject.meshWomenen_GB
dc.titleExposure to violence and PTSD symptoms among Somali womenen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentMédecins sans Frontières, Doctors without Borders, Amsterdam, Geneva, New York; Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, New Zealand; Department of Clinical and Health Psychology, Utrecht University, and Foundation Arq, Diemen, the Netherlandsen_GB
dc.identifier.journalJournal of Traumatic Stressen_GB
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