HIV care need not hamper maternity care: a descriptive analysis of integration of services in rural Malawi

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/255368
Title:
HIV care need not hamper maternity care: a descriptive analysis of integration of services in rural Malawi
Authors:
van den Akker, T; Bemelmans, M; Ford, N; Jemu, M; Diggle, E; Scheffer, S; Zulu, I; Akesson, A; Shea, J
Journal:
BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Abstract:
Please cite this paper as: van den Akker T, Bemelmans M, Ford N, Jemu M, Diggle E, Scheffer S, Zulu I, Akesson A, Shea J. HIV care need not hamper maternity care: a descriptive analysis of integration of services in rural Malawi. BJOG 2012;119:431-438. Objective  To evaluate the use of reproductive health care and incidence of paediatric HIV infection during the expansion of antiretroviral therapy and services for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission in rural Malawi, and the influence of integration of these HIV-related services into general health services. Design  Descriptive analysis. Setting  Thyolo District, with a population of 600 000, an HIV prevalence of 21% and a total fertility rate of 5.7 in 2004. Population  Women attending reproductive health services care in 2005 and 2010. Methods  Review of facility records and databases for routine monitoring. Main outcome measures  Use of antenatal, intrapartum, postpartum, family planning and sexually transmitted infection services; incidence of HIV infection in infants born to mothers who received prevention of mother-to-child transmission care. Results  There was a marked increase in the uptake of perinatal care: pregnant women in 2010 were 50% more likely to attend at least one antenatal visit (RR 1.50, 95% CI 1.48-1.51); were twice as likely to deliver at a healthcare facility (RR 2.05, 95% CI 2.01-2.08); and were more than four times as likely to present for postpartum care (RR 4.40, 95% CI 4.25-4.55). Family planning consultations increased by 40% and the number of women receiving treatment for sexually transmitted infections doubled. Between 2007 and 2010, the number of HIV-exposed infants who underwent testing for HIV went up from 421 to 1599/year, and the proportion testing positive decreased from 13.3 to 5.0%; infants were 62% less likely to test HIV positive (RR 0.38, 95% CI 0.27-0.52). Conclusions  During the expansion and integration of HIV care, the use of reproductive health services increased and the outcomes of infants born to HIV-infected mothers improved. HIV care may be successfully integrated into broader reproductive health services.
Affiliation:
Thyolo District Health Office, Ministry of Health, Thyolo, Malawi; Médecins Sans Frontières, Thyolo Project, Thyolo, Malawi; Child Health Unit, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; Médecins Sans Frontières Operational Centre Brussels, Brussels, Belgium; Médecins Sans Frontières, Geneva, Switzerland; Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Research, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
Publisher:
Wiley-Blackwell
Issue Date:
18-Jan-2012
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/255368
DOI:
10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03229.x
PubMed ID:
22251303
Additional Links:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03229.x/abstract
Type:
Article
Language:
en
Description:
Article approval pending
ISSN:
1471-0528
Appears in Collections:
HIV/AIDS

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorvan den Akker, Ten_GB
dc.contributor.authorBemelmans, Men_GB
dc.contributor.authorFord, Nen_GB
dc.contributor.authorJemu, Men_GB
dc.contributor.authorDiggle, Een_GB
dc.contributor.authorScheffer, Sen_GB
dc.contributor.authorZulu, Ien_GB
dc.contributor.authorAkesson, Aen_GB
dc.contributor.authorShea, Jen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2012-12-11T23:12:08Z-
dc.date.available2012-12-11T23:12:08Z-
dc.date.issued2012-01-18-
dc.identifier.citationBJOG 2012; 119(4):431-8en_GB
dc.identifier.issn1471-0528-
dc.identifier.pmid22251303-
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03229.x-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/255368-
dc.descriptionArticle approval pending-
dc.description.abstractPlease cite this paper as: van den Akker T, Bemelmans M, Ford N, Jemu M, Diggle E, Scheffer S, Zulu I, Akesson A, Shea J. HIV care need not hamper maternity care: a descriptive analysis of integration of services in rural Malawi. BJOG 2012;119:431-438. Objective  To evaluate the use of reproductive health care and incidence of paediatric HIV infection during the expansion of antiretroviral therapy and services for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission in rural Malawi, and the influence of integration of these HIV-related services into general health services. Design  Descriptive analysis. Setting  Thyolo District, with a population of 600 000, an HIV prevalence of 21% and a total fertility rate of 5.7 in 2004. Population  Women attending reproductive health services care in 2005 and 2010. Methods  Review of facility records and databases for routine monitoring. Main outcome measures  Use of antenatal, intrapartum, postpartum, family planning and sexually transmitted infection services; incidence of HIV infection in infants born to mothers who received prevention of mother-to-child transmission care. Results  There was a marked increase in the uptake of perinatal care: pregnant women in 2010 were 50% more likely to attend at least one antenatal visit (RR 1.50, 95% CI 1.48-1.51); were twice as likely to deliver at a healthcare facility (RR 2.05, 95% CI 2.01-2.08); and were more than four times as likely to present for postpartum care (RR 4.40, 95% CI 4.25-4.55). Family planning consultations increased by 40% and the number of women receiving treatment for sexually transmitted infections doubled. Between 2007 and 2010, the number of HIV-exposed infants who underwent testing for HIV went up from 421 to 1599/year, and the proportion testing positive decreased from 13.3 to 5.0%; infants were 62% less likely to test HIV positive (RR 0.38, 95% CI 0.27-0.52). Conclusions  During the expansion and integration of HIV care, the use of reproductive health services increased and the outcomes of infants born to HIV-infected mothers improved. HIV care may be successfully integrated into broader reproductive health services.en_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwellen_GB
dc.relation.urlhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1471-0528.2011.03229.x/abstracten_GB
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Wiley-Blackwell and BJOG : an International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecologyen_GB
dc.subject.meshHIVen_GB
dc.subject.meshMaternal Health Servicesen_GB
dc.titleHIV care need not hamper maternity care: a descriptive analysis of integration of services in rural Malawien
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentThyolo District Health Office, Ministry of Health, Thyolo, Malawi; Médecins Sans Frontières, Thyolo Project, Thyolo, Malawi; Child Health Unit, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; Médecins Sans Frontières Operational Centre Brussels, Brussels, Belgium; Médecins Sans Frontières, Geneva, Switzerland; Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Research, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africaen_GB
dc.identifier.journalBJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecologyen_GB

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