Patterns of deliberate self-burning in various parts of the world. A review.

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/26913
Title:
Patterns of deliberate self-burning in various parts of the world. A review.
Authors:
Laloë, V
Journal:
Burns : Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Abstract:
This paper reviews the literature on deliberate self-burning (DSB) and compares patterns in various countries. Fifty-five studies of deliberate self-harm or suicide by fire published in the last 20 years were reviewed. They reported on 3351 cases of DSB, including 2296 deaths. India had the highest absolute number of cases, the highest fatality rate, and the highest contribution of self-harm to burns admissions. The highest reported incidence was from Sri Lanka. Male victims generally predominated in Western countries, and females in the Middle East and the Indian sub-continent. Patients were grossly 10 years older in Europe than in Asia. The use and nature of fire accelerants, the possible roles of ethnicity, religion/faith and imitation are discussed. Three broad groups of victims were identified: psychiatric patients (Western and Middle-Eastern countries); those committing DSB for personal reasons (India, Sri Lanka, Papua-New Guinea, Zimbabwe); and those who are politically motivated (India, South Korea). Self-mutilators and self-immolators seem to be fairly distinct groups of people.
Affiliation:
Médecins Sans Frontières, 8 rue Saint-Sabin, 75544 Paris 11, France. veronique.laloe@bigfoot.com
Publisher:
Elsevier
Issue Date:
May-2004
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/26913
DOI:
10.1016/j.burns.2003.10.018
PubMed ID:
15082345
Additional Links:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03054179
Language:
en
ISSN:
0305-4179
Appears in Collections:
Other Diseases

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorLaloë, V-
dc.date.accessioned2008-05-20T08:31:04Z-
dc.date.available2008-05-20T08:31:04Z-
dc.date.issued2004-05-
dc.identifier.citationPatterns of deliberate self-burning in various parts of the world. A review. 2004, 30 (3):207-15notBurnsen
dc.identifier.issn0305-4179-
dc.identifier.pmid15082345-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.burns.2003.10.018-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/26913-
dc.description.abstractThis paper reviews the literature on deliberate self-burning (DSB) and compares patterns in various countries. Fifty-five studies of deliberate self-harm or suicide by fire published in the last 20 years were reviewed. They reported on 3351 cases of DSB, including 2296 deaths. India had the highest absolute number of cases, the highest fatality rate, and the highest contribution of self-harm to burns admissions. The highest reported incidence was from Sri Lanka. Male victims generally predominated in Western countries, and females in the Middle East and the Indian sub-continent. Patients were grossly 10 years older in Europe than in Asia. The use and nature of fire accelerants, the possible roles of ethnicity, religion/faith and imitation are discussed. Three broad groups of victims were identified: psychiatric patients (Western and Middle-Eastern countries); those committing DSB for personal reasons (India, Sri Lanka, Papua-New Guinea, Zimbabwe); and those who are politically motivated (India, South Korea). Self-mutilators and self-immolators seem to be fairly distinct groups of people.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherElsevieren
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03054179en
dc.rightsArchived on this site by kind permission and copyright of 2004 by Elsevieren
dc.subject.meshBurnsen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshSelf-Injurious Behavioren
dc.subject.meshSuicide, Attempteden
dc.subject.meshWorld Healthen
dc.titlePatterns of deliberate self-burning in various parts of the world. A review.en
dc.contributor.departmentMédecins Sans Frontières, 8 rue Saint-Sabin, 75544 Paris 11, France. veronique.laloe@bigfoot.comen
dc.identifier.journalBurns : Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuriesen

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