Public health surveillance after the 2010 Haiti earthquake: the experience of Médecins Sans Frontières

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/271999
Title:
Public health surveillance after the 2010 Haiti earthquake: the experience of Médecins Sans Frontières
Authors:
Polonsky, J; Luquero, F; Francois, G; Rousseau, C; Caleo, G; Ciglenecki, I; Delacre, C; Siddiqui, M R; Terzian, M; Verhenne, L; Porten, K; Checchi, F
Journal:
PLoS Currents Disasters
Abstract:
Background In January 2010, Haiti was struck by a powerful earthquake, killing and wounding hundreds of thousands and leaving millions homeless. In order to better understand the severity of the crisis, and to provide early warning of epidemics or deteriorations in the health status of the population, Médecins Sans Frontières established surveillance for infections of epidemic potential and for death rates and malnutrition prevalence. Methods Trends in infections of epidemic potential were detected through passive surveillance at health facilities serving as sentinel sites. Active community surveillance of death rates and malnutrition prevalence was established through weekly home visits. Results There were 102,054 consultations at the 15 reporting sites during the 26 week period of operation. Acute respiratory infections, acute watery diarrhoea and malaria/fever of unknown origin accounted for the majority of proportional morbidity among the diseases under surveillance. Several alerts were triggered through the detection of immediately notifiable diseases and increasing trends in some conditions. Crude and under-5 death rates, and acute malnutrition prevalence, were below emergency thresholds. Conclusion Disease surveillance after disasters should include an alert and response component, requiring investment of resources in informal networks that improve sensitivity to alerts as well as on the more common systems of data collection, compilation and analysis. Information sharing between partners is necessary to strengthen early warning systems. Community-based surveillance of mortality and malnutrition is feasible but requires careful implementation and validation.
Affiliation:
Epicentre, Paris, France.
Issue Date:
7-Jan-2013
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/271999
DOI:
10.1371/currents.dis.6aec18e84816c055b8c2a06456811c7a
PubMed ID:
23330069
Language:
en
ISSN:
2157-3999
Appears in Collections:
Emergencies/refugees

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorPolonsky, Jen_GB
dc.contributor.authorLuquero, Fen_GB
dc.contributor.authorFrancois, Gen_GB
dc.contributor.authorRousseau, Cen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCaleo, Gen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCiglenecki, Ien_GB
dc.contributor.authorDelacre, Cen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSiddiqui, M Ren_GB
dc.contributor.authorTerzian, Men_GB
dc.contributor.authorVerhenne, Len_GB
dc.contributor.authorPorten, Ken_GB
dc.contributor.authorChecchi, Fen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2013-03-13T12:11:30Z-
dc.date.available2013-03-13T12:11:30Z-
dc.date.issued2013-01-07-
dc.identifier.citationPublic health surveillance after the 2010 haiti earthquake: the experience of médecins sans frontières. 2013, 5: PLoS Curren_GB
dc.identifier.issn2157-3999-
dc.identifier.pmid23330069-
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/currents.dis.6aec18e84816c055b8c2a06456811c7a-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/271999-
dc.description.abstractBackground In January 2010, Haiti was struck by a powerful earthquake, killing and wounding hundreds of thousands and leaving millions homeless. In order to better understand the severity of the crisis, and to provide early warning of epidemics or deteriorations in the health status of the population, Médecins Sans Frontières established surveillance for infections of epidemic potential and for death rates and malnutrition prevalence. Methods Trends in infections of epidemic potential were detected through passive surveillance at health facilities serving as sentinel sites. Active community surveillance of death rates and malnutrition prevalence was established through weekly home visits. Results There were 102,054 consultations at the 15 reporting sites during the 26 week period of operation. Acute respiratory infections, acute watery diarrhoea and malaria/fever of unknown origin accounted for the majority of proportional morbidity among the diseases under surveillance. Several alerts were triggered through the detection of immediately notifiable diseases and increasing trends in some conditions. Crude and under-5 death rates, and acute malnutrition prevalence, were below emergency thresholds. Conclusion Disease surveillance after disasters should include an alert and response component, requiring investment of resources in informal networks that improve sensitivity to alerts as well as on the more common systems of data collection, compilation and analysis. Information sharing between partners is necessary to strengthen early warning systems. Community-based surveillance of mortality and malnutrition is feasible but requires careful implementation and validation.en_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to PLoS Currents Disasters.en_GB
dc.titlePublic health surveillance after the 2010 Haiti earthquake: the experience of Médecins Sans Frontièresen
dc.contributor.departmentEpicentre, Paris, France.en_GB
dc.identifier.journalPLoS Currents Disastersen_GB

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