Risk factors for cholera transmission in Haiti during inter-peak periods: insights to improve current control strategies from two case-control studies

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/315925
Title:
Risk factors for cholera transmission in Haiti during inter-peak periods: insights to improve current control strategies from two case-control studies
Authors:
Grandesso, F; Allan, M; Jean-Simon, P S J; Boncy, J; Blake, A; Pierre, R; Alberti, K P; Munger, A; Elder, G; Olson, D; Porten, K; Luquero, F J
Journal:
Epidemiology and Infection
Abstract:
SUMMARY Two community-based density case-control studies were performed to assess risk factors for cholera transmission during inter-peak periods of the ongoing epidemic in two Haitian urban settings, Gonaives and Carrefour. The strongest associations were: close contact with cholera patients (sharing latrines, visiting cholera patients, helping someone with diarrhoea), eating food from street vendors and washing dishes with untreated water. Protective factors were: drinking chlorinated water, receiving prevention messages via television, church or training sessions, and high household socioeconomic level. These findings suggest that, in addition to contaminated water, factors related to direct and indirect inter-human contact play an important role in cholera transmission during inter-peak periods. In order to reduce cholera transmission in Haiti intensive preventive measures such as hygiene promotion and awareness campaigns should be implemented during inter-peak lulls, when prevention activities are typically scaled back.
Affiliation:
Epicentre, Paris, France.
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Issue Date:
11-Oct-2013
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/315925
DOI:
10.1017/S0950268813002562
PubMed ID:
24112364
Additional Links:
http://journals.cambridge.org/download.php?file=%2FHYG%2FS0950268813002562a.pdf&code=48c7a0d3dae53cd86dc05fe2f918880a
Language:
en
Description:
To access this article, click on "Additional Links".
ISSN:
1469-4409
Appears in Collections:
Water/Sanitation

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorGrandesso, Fen_GB
dc.contributor.authorAllan, Men_GB
dc.contributor.authorJean-Simon, P S Jen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBoncy, Jen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBlake, Aen_GB
dc.contributor.authorPierre, Ren_GB
dc.contributor.authorAlberti, K Pen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMunger, Aen_GB
dc.contributor.authorElder, Gen_GB
dc.contributor.authorOlson, Den_GB
dc.contributor.authorPorten, Ken_GB
dc.contributor.authorLuquero, F Jen_GB
dc.date.accessioned2014-04-17T20:54:53Z-
dc.date.available2014-04-17T20:54:53Z-
dc.date.issued2013-10-11-
dc.identifier.citationRisk factors for cholera transmission in Haiti during inter-peak periods: insights to improve current control strategies from two case-control studies. 2013:1-11 Epidemiol. Infect.en_GB
dc.identifier.issn1469-4409-
dc.identifier.pmid24112364-
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0950268813002562-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/315925-
dc.descriptionTo access this article, click on "Additional Links".en_GB
dc.description.abstractSUMMARY Two community-based density case-control studies were performed to assess risk factors for cholera transmission during inter-peak periods of the ongoing epidemic in two Haitian urban settings, Gonaives and Carrefour. The strongest associations were: close contact with cholera patients (sharing latrines, visiting cholera patients, helping someone with diarrhoea), eating food from street vendors and washing dishes with untreated water. Protective factors were: drinking chlorinated water, receiving prevention messages via television, church or training sessions, and high household socioeconomic level. These findings suggest that, in addition to contaminated water, factors related to direct and indirect inter-human contact play an important role in cholera transmission during inter-peak periods. In order to reduce cholera transmission in Haiti intensive preventive measures such as hygiene promotion and awareness campaigns should be implemented during inter-peak lulls, when prevention activities are typically scaled back.en_GB
dc.languageENG-
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherCambridge University Pressen_GB
dc.relation.urlhttp://journals.cambridge.org/download.php?file=%2FHYG%2FS0950268813002562a.pdf&code=48c7a0d3dae53cd86dc05fe2f918880aen_GB
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Epidemiology and Infection and Cambridge University Pressen_GB
dc.subjectCholeraen_GB
dc.subjectOutbreaksen_GB
dc.titleRisk factors for cholera transmission in Haiti during inter-peak periods: insights to improve current control strategies from two case-control studiesen
dc.contributor.departmentEpicentre, Paris, France.en_GB
dc.identifier.journalEpidemiology and Infectionen_GB

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