Weight evolution in HIV-1 infected women in Rwanda after stavudine substitution due to lipoatrophy: comparison of zidovudine with tenofovir/abacavir.

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/49019
Title:
Weight evolution in HIV-1 infected women in Rwanda after stavudine substitution due to lipoatrophy: comparison of zidovudine with tenofovir/abacavir.
Authors:
van Griensven, J; Zachariah, R; Rasschaert, F; Atté, E F; Reid, T
Journal:
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Abstract:
This cohort study was conducted amongst female patients manifesting lipoatrophy while receiving stavudine-containing first-line antiretroviral treatment regimens at two urban health centres in Rwanda. The objectives were to assess weight evolution after stavudine substitution and to describe any significant difference in weight evolution when zidovudine or tenofovir/abacavir was used for substitution. All adult patients on stavudine-containing first-line regimens who developed lipoatrophy (diagnosed using a lipodystrophy case definition study-based questionnaire) and whose treatment regimen was changed were included (n=114). In the most severe cases stavudine was replaced with tenofovir or abacavir (n=39), and in the remainder with zidovudine (n=75). For patients changed to zidovudine a progressive weight loss was seen, while those on tenofovir/abacavir showed a progressive weight increase from six months. The between-group difference in weight evolution was significant from nine months (difference at 12 months: 2.3kg, P=0.02). These differences were confirmed by follow-up lipoatrophy scores. In multivariate analysis, substitution with tenofovir/abacavir remained significantly associated with weight gain. This is the first study in Africa assessing weight gain as a proxy for recovery after stavudine substitution due to lipoatrophy, providing supporting evidence that tenofovir/abacavir is superior to zidovudine. The weight loss with zidovudine might justify earlier substitution and access to better alternatives like tenofovir/abacavir.
Affiliation:
Médecins Sans Frontières, 7089 Kigali, Rwanda.
Issue Date:
1-Feb-2009
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/49019
DOI:
10.1016/j.trstmh.2008.08.015
PubMed ID:
18835003
Language:
en
Appears in Collections:
HIV/AIDS

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorvan Griensven, J-
dc.contributor.authorZachariah, R-
dc.contributor.authorRasschaert, F-
dc.contributor.authorAtté, E F-
dc.contributor.authorReid, T-
dc.date.accessioned2009-02-12T15:56:34Z-
dc.date.available2009-02-12T15:56:34Z-
dc.date.issued2009-02-01-
dc.identifier.citationWeight evolution in HIV-1 infected women in Rwanda after stavudine substitution due to lipoatrophy: comparison of zidovudine with tenofovir/abacavir. 2008: Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg.en
dc.identifier.pmid18835003-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.trstmh.2008.08.015-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/49019-
dc.description.abstractThis cohort study was conducted amongst female patients manifesting lipoatrophy while receiving stavudine-containing first-line antiretroviral treatment regimens at two urban health centres in Rwanda. The objectives were to assess weight evolution after stavudine substitution and to describe any significant difference in weight evolution when zidovudine or tenofovir/abacavir was used for substitution. All adult patients on stavudine-containing first-line regimens who developed lipoatrophy (diagnosed using a lipodystrophy case definition study-based questionnaire) and whose treatment regimen was changed were included (n=114). In the most severe cases stavudine was replaced with tenofovir or abacavir (n=39), and in the remainder with zidovudine (n=75). For patients changed to zidovudine a progressive weight loss was seen, while those on tenofovir/abacavir showed a progressive weight increase from six months. The between-group difference in weight evolution was significant from nine months (difference at 12 months: 2.3kg, P=0.02). These differences were confirmed by follow-up lipoatrophy scores. In multivariate analysis, substitution with tenofovir/abacavir remained significantly associated with weight gain. This is the first study in Africa assessing weight gain as a proxy for recovery after stavudine substitution due to lipoatrophy, providing supporting evidence that tenofovir/abacavir is superior to zidovudine. The weight loss with zidovudine might justify earlier substitution and access to better alternatives like tenofovir/abacavir.en
dc.languageENG-
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rightsPublished by Elsevier Archived on this site with the kind permission of Elsevier Ltd. ([url]http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00359203[/url]) and the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene ([url]http://www.rstmh.org/transactions.asp[/url])en
dc.titleWeight evolution in HIV-1 infected women in Rwanda after stavudine substitution due to lipoatrophy: comparison of zidovudine with tenofovir/abacavir.en
dc.contributor.departmentMédecins Sans Frontières, 7089 Kigali, Rwanda.en
dc.identifier.journalTransactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygieneen

Related articles on PubMed

All Items in MSF are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.