Evolving Human Rights and the Science of Antiretroviral Medicine

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/561280
Title:
Evolving Human Rights and the Science of Antiretroviral Medicine
Authors:
Kavanagh, Matthew; Cohn, Jennifer; Mabote, Lynette; Meier, Benjamin Mason; Williams, Brian; Russell, Asia; Sikwese, Kenly; Baker, Brook
Journal:
Health and Human Rights
Abstract:
Recent years have seen significant advances in the science of using antiretroviral medicines (ARVs) to fight HIV. Where not long ago ARVs were used late in disease to prevent sick people from dying, today people living with HIV can use ARVs to achieve viral suppression early in the course of disease. This article reviews the mounting new scientific evidence of major clinical and prevention ARV benefits. This has changed the logic of the AIDS response, eliminating competition between "treatment" and "prevention" and encouraging early initiation of treatment for individual and public health benefit. These breakthroughs have implications for the health-related human rights duties of States. With medical advance, the "highest attainable standard" of health has taken a leap, and with it the rights obligations of States. We argue that access to early treatment for all is now a core State obligation and restricting access to, or failing to provide accurate information about, it violates both individual and collective rights. In a context of real political and technical challenges, however, in this article we review the policy implications of evolving human rights obligations given the new science. National and international legal standards require action on budget, health and intellectual property policy, which we outline.
Publisher:
Harvard University Press
Issue Date:
11-Jun-2015
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/561280
PubMed ID:
26204587
Language:
en
ISSN:
2150-4113
Appears in Collections:
Health Politics

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorKavanagh, Matthewen_GB
dc.contributor.authorCohn, Jenniferen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMabote, Lynetteen_GB
dc.contributor.authorMeier, Benjamin Masonen_GB
dc.contributor.authorWilliams, Brianen_GB
dc.contributor.authorRussell, Asiaen_GB
dc.contributor.authorSikwese, Kenlyen_GB
dc.contributor.authorBaker, Brooken_GB
dc.date.accessioned2015-07-30T14:30:22Z-
dc.date.available2015-07-30T14:30:22Z-
dc.date.issued2015-06-11-
dc.identifier.citationEvolving Human Rights and the Science of Antiretroviral Medicine. 2015, 17 (1):E76-90 Health Hum Rightsen_GB
dc.identifier.issn2150-4113-
dc.identifier.pmid26204587-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/561280-
dc.description.abstractRecent years have seen significant advances in the science of using antiretroviral medicines (ARVs) to fight HIV. Where not long ago ARVs were used late in disease to prevent sick people from dying, today people living with HIV can use ARVs to achieve viral suppression early in the course of disease. This article reviews the mounting new scientific evidence of major clinical and prevention ARV benefits. This has changed the logic of the AIDS response, eliminating competition between "treatment" and "prevention" and encouraging early initiation of treatment for individual and public health benefit. These breakthroughs have implications for the health-related human rights duties of States. With medical advance, the "highest attainable standard" of health has taken a leap, and with it the rights obligations of States. We argue that access to early treatment for all is now a core State obligation and restricting access to, or failing to provide accurate information about, it violates both individual and collective rights. In a context of real political and technical challenges, however, in this article we review the policy implications of evolving human rights obligations given the new science. National and international legal standards require action on budget, health and intellectual property policy, which we outline.en_GB
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherHarvard University Pressen_GB
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Health and Human Rights Journal's open accessen_GB
dc.titleEvolving Human Rights and the Science of Antiretroviral Medicineen
dc.identifier.journalHealth and Human Rightsen_GB
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