Influence of the 2014-2015 Ebola Outbreak on the Vaccination of Children in a Rural District of Guinea

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/618983
Title:
Influence of the 2014-2015 Ebola Outbreak on the Vaccination of Children in a Rural District of Guinea
Authors:
Camara, B; Delamou, A; Diro, E; El Ayadi, A; Béavogui, A; Sidibé, S; Grovogui, F; Takarinda, K; Kolié, D; Sandouno, S; Okumura, J; Baldé, M; Van Griensven, J; Zachariah, R
Journal:
Public Health Action
Abstract:
Setting: All health centres in Macenta District, rural Guinea. Objective: To compare stock-outs of vaccines, vaccine stock cards and the administration of various childhood vaccines across the pre-Ebola, Ebola and post-Ebola virus disease periods. Design: This was an ecological study. Results: Similar levels of stock-outs were observed for all vaccines (bacille Calmette-Guérin [BCG], pentavalent, polio, measles, yellow fever) in the pre-Ebola and Ebola periods (respectively 2760 and 2706 facility days of stock-outs), with some variation by vaccine. Post-Ebola, there was a 65-fold reduction in stock-outs compared to pre-Ebola. Overall, 24 facility-months of vaccine stock card stock-outs were observed during the pre-Ebola period, which increased to 65 facility-months of stock-outs during the Ebola outbreak period; no such stock-out occurred in the post-Ebola period. Apart from yellow fever and measles, vaccine administration declined universally during the peak outbreak period (August-November 2014). Complete cessation of vaccine administration for BCG and a prominent low for polio (86% decrease) were observed in April 2014, corresponding to vaccine stock-outs. Post-Ebola, overall vaccine administration did not recover to pre-Ebola levels, with the highest gaps seen in polio and pentavalent vaccines, which had shortages of respectively 40% and 38%. Conclusion: These findings highlight the need to sustain vaccination activities in Guinea so that they remain resilient and responsive, irrespective of disease outbreaks.
Publisher:
International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Issue Date:
21-Jun-2017
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/618983
DOI:
10.5588/pha.16.0120
PubMed ID:
28695091
Submitted date:
2017-07-27
Language:
en
ISSN:
2220-8372
Appears in Collections:
Operational Research Courses

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorCamara, Ben
dc.contributor.authorDelamou, Aen
dc.contributor.authorDiro, Een
dc.contributor.authorEl Ayadi, Aen
dc.contributor.authorBéavogui, Aen
dc.contributor.authorSidibé, Sen
dc.contributor.authorGrovogui, Fen
dc.contributor.authorTakarinda, Ken
dc.contributor.authorKolié, Den
dc.contributor.authorSandouno, Sen
dc.contributor.authorOkumura, Jen
dc.contributor.authorBaldé, Men
dc.contributor.authorVan Griensven, Jen
dc.contributor.authorZachariah, Ren
dc.date.accessioned2017-08-05T20:46:36Z-
dc.date.available2017-08-05T20:46:36Z-
dc.date.issued2017-06-21-
dc.date.submitted2017-07-27-
dc.identifier.citationInfluence of the 2014-2015 Ebola Outbreak on the Vaccination of Children in a Rural District of Guinea. 2017, 7 (2):161-167 Public Health Actionen
dc.identifier.issn2220-8372-
dc.identifier.pmid28695091-
dc.identifier.doi10.5588/pha.16.0120-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/618983-
dc.description.abstractSetting: All health centres in Macenta District, rural Guinea. Objective: To compare stock-outs of vaccines, vaccine stock cards and the administration of various childhood vaccines across the pre-Ebola, Ebola and post-Ebola virus disease periods. Design: This was an ecological study. Results: Similar levels of stock-outs were observed for all vaccines (bacille Calmette-Guérin [BCG], pentavalent, polio, measles, yellow fever) in the pre-Ebola and Ebola periods (respectively 2760 and 2706 facility days of stock-outs), with some variation by vaccine. Post-Ebola, there was a 65-fold reduction in stock-outs compared to pre-Ebola. Overall, 24 facility-months of vaccine stock card stock-outs were observed during the pre-Ebola period, which increased to 65 facility-months of stock-outs during the Ebola outbreak period; no such stock-out occurred in the post-Ebola period. Apart from yellow fever and measles, vaccine administration declined universally during the peak outbreak period (August-November 2014). Complete cessation of vaccine administration for BCG and a prominent low for polio (86% decrease) were observed in April 2014, corresponding to vaccine stock-outs. Post-Ebola, overall vaccine administration did not recover to pre-Ebola levels, with the highest gaps seen in polio and pentavalent vaccines, which had shortages of respectively 40% and 38%. Conclusion: These findings highlight the need to sustain vaccination activities in Guinea so that they remain resilient and responsive, irrespective of disease outbreaks.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherInternational Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Diseaseen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Public Health Actionen
dc.titleInfluence of the 2014-2015 Ebola Outbreak on the Vaccination of Children in a Rural District of Guineaen
dc.identifier.journalPublic Health Actionen

Related articles on PubMed

All Items in MSF are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.