Closing the gap: decentralising mental health care to primary care centres in one rural district of Rwanda

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/619122
Title:
Closing the gap: decentralising mental health care to primary care centres in one rural district of Rwanda
Authors:
Nyirandagijimana, B; Edwards, JK; Venables, E; Ali, E; Rusangwa, C; Mukasakindi, H; Borg, R; Fabien, M; Tharcisse, M; Nshimyiryo, A; Park, PH; Raviola, GJ; Smith, SL
Journal:
Public Health Action
Abstract:
Setting: Programmes that integrate mental health care into primary care settings could reduce the global burden of mental disorders by increasing treatment availability in resource-limited settings, including Rwanda. Objective: We describe patient demographics, service use and retention of patients in care at health centres (HC) participating in an innovative primary care integration programme, compared to patients using existing district hospital-based specialised out-patient care. Design: This was a retrospective cohort study using routinely collected data from six health centres and one district hospital from October 2014 to March 2015. Results: Of 709 patients, 607 were cared for at HCs; HCs accounted for 88% of the total visits for mental disorders. Patients with psychosis used HC services more frequently, while patients with affective disorders were seen more frequently at the district hospital. Of the 68% of patients who returned to care within 90 days of their first visit, 76% had a third visit within a further 90 days. There were no significant differences in follow-up rates between clinical settings. Conclusion: This study suggests that a programme of mentorship for primary care nurses can facilitate the decentralisation of out-patient mental health care from specialised district hospital mental health services to HCs in rural Rwanda.
Publisher:
International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Issue Date:
21-Sep-2017
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/619122
DOI:
10.5588/pha.16.0130
PubMed ID:
29201658
Submitted date:
2018-05-16
Language:
en
ISSN:
2220-8372
Appears in Collections:
Operational Research Courses

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorNyirandagijimana, Ben
dc.contributor.authorEdwards, JKen
dc.contributor.authorVenables, Een
dc.contributor.authorAli, Een
dc.contributor.authorRusangwa, Cen
dc.contributor.authorMukasakindi, Hen
dc.contributor.authorBorg, Ren
dc.contributor.authorFabien, Men
dc.contributor.authorTharcisse, Men
dc.contributor.authorNshimyiryo, Aen
dc.contributor.authorPark, PHen
dc.contributor.authorRaviola, GJen
dc.contributor.authorSmith, SLen
dc.date.accessioned2018-05-17T13:59:24Z-
dc.date.available2018-05-17T13:59:24Z-
dc.date.issued2017-09-21-
dc.date.submitted2018-05-16-
dc.identifier.citationClosing the gap: decentralising mental health care to primary care centres in one rural district of Rwanda. 2017, 7 (3):231-236 Public Health Actionen
dc.identifier.issn2220-8372-
dc.identifier.pmid29201658-
dc.identifier.doi10.5588/pha.16.0130-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/619122-
dc.description.abstractSetting: Programmes that integrate mental health care into primary care settings could reduce the global burden of mental disorders by increasing treatment availability in resource-limited settings, including Rwanda. Objective: We describe patient demographics, service use and retention of patients in care at health centres (HC) participating in an innovative primary care integration programme, compared to patients using existing district hospital-based specialised out-patient care. Design: This was a retrospective cohort study using routinely collected data from six health centres and one district hospital from October 2014 to March 2015. Results: Of 709 patients, 607 were cared for at HCs; HCs accounted for 88% of the total visits for mental disorders. Patients with psychosis used HC services more frequently, while patients with affective disorders were seen more frequently at the district hospital. Of the 68% of patients who returned to care within 90 days of their first visit, 76% had a third visit within a further 90 days. There were no significant differences in follow-up rates between clinical settings. Conclusion: This study suggests that a programme of mentorship for primary care nurses can facilitate the decentralisation of out-patient mental health care from specialised district hospital mental health services to HCs in rural Rwanda.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherInternational Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Diseaseen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Public Health Actionen
dc.titleClosing the gap: decentralising mental health care to primary care centres in one rural district of Rwandaen
dc.identifier.journalPublic Health Actionen

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