Is there a correlation between malaria incidence and IRS coverage in western Zambezi region, Namibia?

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/619148
Title:
Is there a correlation between malaria incidence and IRS coverage in western Zambezi region, Namibia?
Authors:
Mumbengegwi, DR; Sturrock, H; Hsiang, M; Roberts, K; Kleinschmidt, I; Nghipumbwa, M; Uusiku, P; Smith, J; Bennet, A; Kizito, W; Takarinda, K; Ade, S; Gosling, R
Journal:
Public Health Action
Abstract:
Setting: A comparison of routine Namibia National Malaria Programme data (reported) vs. household survey data (administrative) on indoor residual spraying (IRS) in western Zambezi region, Namibia, for the 2014-2015 malaria season. Objectives: To determine 1) IRS coverage (administrative and reported), 2) its effect on malaria incidence, and 3) reasons for non-uptake of IRS in western Zambezi region, Namibia, for the 2014-2015 malaria season. Design: This was a descriptive study. Results: IRS coverage in western Zambezi region was low, ranging from 42.3% to 52.2% for administrative coverage vs. 45.9-66.7% for reported coverage. There was no significant correlation between IRS coverage and malaria incidence for this region (r = -0.45, P = 0.22). The main reasons for households not being sprayed were that residents were not at home during spraying times or that spray operators did not visit the households. Conclusions: IRS coverage in western Zambezi region, Namibia, was low during the 2014-2015 malaria season because of poor community engagement and awareness of times for spray operations within communities. Higher IRS coverage could be achieved through improved community engagement. Better targeting of the highest risk areas by the use of malaria surveillance will be required to mitigate malaria transmission.
Publisher:
International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Issue Date:
25-Apr-2018
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/619148
DOI:
10.5588/pha.17.0077
PubMed ID:
29713594
Submitted date:
2018-05-11
Language:
en
ISSN:
2220-8372
Appears in Collections:
Operational Research Courses

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMumbengegwi, DRen
dc.contributor.authorSturrock, Hen
dc.contributor.authorHsiang, Men
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Ken
dc.contributor.authorKleinschmidt, Ien
dc.contributor.authorNghipumbwa, Men
dc.contributor.authorUusiku, Pen
dc.contributor.authorSmith, Jen
dc.contributor.authorBennet, Aen
dc.contributor.authorKizito, Wen
dc.contributor.authorTakarinda, Ken
dc.contributor.authorAde, Sen
dc.contributor.authorGosling, Ren
dc.date.accessioned2018-05-17T14:39:13Z-
dc.date.available2018-05-17T14:39:13Z-
dc.date.issued2018-04-25-
dc.date.submitted2018-05-11-
dc.identifier.citationIs there a correlation between malaria incidence and IRS coverage in western Zambezi region, Namibia? 2018, 8 (Suppl 1):S44-S49 Public Health Actionen
dc.identifier.issn2220-8372-
dc.identifier.pmid29713594-
dc.identifier.doi10.5588/pha.17.0077-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/619148-
dc.description.abstractSetting: A comparison of routine Namibia National Malaria Programme data (reported) vs. household survey data (administrative) on indoor residual spraying (IRS) in western Zambezi region, Namibia, for the 2014-2015 malaria season. Objectives: To determine 1) IRS coverage (administrative and reported), 2) its effect on malaria incidence, and 3) reasons for non-uptake of IRS in western Zambezi region, Namibia, for the 2014-2015 malaria season. Design: This was a descriptive study. Results: IRS coverage in western Zambezi region was low, ranging from 42.3% to 52.2% for administrative coverage vs. 45.9-66.7% for reported coverage. There was no significant correlation between IRS coverage and malaria incidence for this region (r = -0.45, P = 0.22). The main reasons for households not being sprayed were that residents were not at home during spraying times or that spray operators did not visit the households. Conclusions: IRS coverage in western Zambezi region, Namibia, was low during the 2014-2015 malaria season because of poor community engagement and awareness of times for spray operations within communities. Higher IRS coverage could be achieved through improved community engagement. Better targeting of the highest risk areas by the use of malaria surveillance will be required to mitigate malaria transmission.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherInternational Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Diseaseen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Public Health Actionen
dc.titleIs there a correlation between malaria incidence and IRS coverage in western Zambezi region, Namibia?en
dc.identifier.journalPublic Health Actionen

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