Changing distribution and abundance of the malaria vector Anopheles merus in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/619151
Title:
Changing distribution and abundance of the malaria vector Anopheles merus in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa
Authors:
Mbokazi, F; Coetzee, M; Brooke, B; Govere, J; Reid, A; Owiti, P; Kosgei, R; Zhou, S; Magagula, R; Kok, G; Namboze, J; Tweya, H; Mabuza, A
Journal:
Public Health Action
Abstract:
Background: The malaria vector Anopheles merus occurs in the Mpumalanga Province of South Africa. As its contribution to malaria transmission in South Africa has yet to be ascertained, an intensification of surveillance is necessary to provide baseline information on this species. The aim of this study was therefore to map An. merus breeding sites in the Ehlanzeni District of Mpumalanga Province and to assess qualitative trends in the distribution and relative abundance of this species over a 9-year period. Methods: The study was carried out during the period 2005-2014 in the four high-risk municipalities of Ehlanzeni District. Fifty-two breeding sites were chosen from all water bodies that produced anopheline mosquitoes. The study data were extracted from historical entomological records that are captured monthly. Results: Of the 15 058 Anopheles mosquitoes collected, 64% were An. merus. The abundance and distribution of An. merus increased throughout the four municipalities in Ehlanzeni District during the study period. Conclusion: The expanded distribution and increased abundance of An. merus in the Ehlanzeni District may contribute significantly to locally acquired malaria in Mpumalanga Province, likely necessitating the incorporation of additional vector control methods specifically directed against populations of this species.
Publisher:
International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Issue Date:
25-Apr-2018
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/619151
DOI:
10.5588/pha.17.0034
PubMed ID:
29713593
Submitted date:
2018-05-11
Language:
en
ISSN:
2220-8372
Appears in Collections:
Operational Research Courses

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorMbokazi, Fen
dc.contributor.authorCoetzee, Men
dc.contributor.authorBrooke, Ben
dc.contributor.authorGovere, Jen
dc.contributor.authorReid, Aen
dc.contributor.authorOwiti, Pen
dc.contributor.authorKosgei, Ren
dc.contributor.authorZhou, Sen
dc.contributor.authorMagagula, Ren
dc.contributor.authorKok, Gen
dc.contributor.authorNamboze, Jen
dc.contributor.authorTweya, Hen
dc.contributor.authorMabuza, Aen
dc.date.accessioned2018-05-17T14:42:49Z-
dc.date.available2018-05-17T14:42:49Z-
dc.date.issued2018-04-25-
dc.date.submitted2018-05-11-
dc.identifier.citationChanging distribution and abundance of the malaria vector Anopheles merus in Mpumalanga Province, South Africa. 2018, 8 (Suppl 1):S39-S43 Public Health Actionen
dc.identifier.issn2220-8372-
dc.identifier.pmid29713593-
dc.identifier.doi10.5588/pha.17.0034-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/619151-
dc.description.abstractBackground: The malaria vector Anopheles merus occurs in the Mpumalanga Province of South Africa. As its contribution to malaria transmission in South Africa has yet to be ascertained, an intensification of surveillance is necessary to provide baseline information on this species. The aim of this study was therefore to map An. merus breeding sites in the Ehlanzeni District of Mpumalanga Province and to assess qualitative trends in the distribution and relative abundance of this species over a 9-year period. Methods: The study was carried out during the period 2005-2014 in the four high-risk municipalities of Ehlanzeni District. Fifty-two breeding sites were chosen from all water bodies that produced anopheline mosquitoes. The study data were extracted from historical entomological records that are captured monthly. Results: Of the 15 058 Anopheles mosquitoes collected, 64% were An. merus. The abundance and distribution of An. merus increased throughout the four municipalities in Ehlanzeni District during the study period. Conclusion: The expanded distribution and increased abundance of An. merus in the Ehlanzeni District may contribute significantly to locally acquired malaria in Mpumalanga Province, likely necessitating the incorporation of additional vector control methods specifically directed against populations of this species.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherInternational Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Diseaseen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Public Health Actionen
dc.titleChanging distribution and abundance of the malaria vector Anopheles merus in Mpumalanga Province, South Africaen
dc.identifier.journalPublic Health Actionen

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