Does ratification of human-rights treaties have effects on population health?

Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/99356
Title:
Does ratification of human-rights treaties have effects on population health?
Authors:
Palmer, Alexis; Tomkinson, Jocelyn; Phung, Charlene; Ford, Nathan; Joffres, Michel; Fernandes, Kimberly A; Zeng, Leilei; Lima, Viviane; Montaner, Julio S G; Guyatt, Gordon H; Mills, Edward J
Journal:
Lancet
Abstract:
Human-rights treaties indicate a country's commitment to human rights. Here, we assess whether ratification of human-rights treaties is associated with improved health and social indicators. Data for health (including HIV prevalence, and maternal, infant, and child [<5 years] mortalities) and social indicators (child labour, human development index, sex gap, and corruption index), gathered from 170 countries, showed no consistent associations between ratification of human-rights treaties and health or social outcomes. Established market economy states had consistently improved health compared with less wealthy settings, but this was not associated with treaty ratification. The status of treaty ratification alone is not a good indicator of the realisation of the right to health. We suggest the need for stringent requirements for ratification of treaties, improved accountability mechanisms to monitor compliance of states with treaty obligations, and financial assistance to support the realisation of the right to health.
Affiliation:
Faculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, BC, Canada.
Issue Date:
6-Jun-2009
URI:
http://hdl.handle.net/10144/99356
DOI:
10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60231-2
PubMed ID:
19501746
Language:
en
ISSN:
1474-547X
Appears in Collections:
Health Politics

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorPalmer, Alexisen
dc.contributor.authorTomkinson, Jocelynen
dc.contributor.authorPhung, Charleneen
dc.contributor.authorFord, Nathanen
dc.contributor.authorJoffres, Michelen
dc.contributor.authorFernandes, Kimberly Aen
dc.contributor.authorZeng, Leileien
dc.contributor.authorLima, Vivianeen
dc.contributor.authorMontaner, Julio S Gen
dc.contributor.authorGuyatt, Gordon Hen
dc.contributor.authorMills, Edward Jen
dc.date.accessioned2010-05-19T18:43:20Z-
dc.date.available2010-05-19T18:43:20Z-
dc.date.issued2009-06-06-
dc.identifier.citationDoes ratification of human-rights treaties have effects on population health? 2009, 373 (9679):1987-92 Lanceten
dc.identifier.issn1474-547X-
dc.identifier.pmid19501746-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60231-2-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/99356-
dc.description.abstractHuman-rights treaties indicate a country's commitment to human rights. Here, we assess whether ratification of human-rights treaties is associated with improved health and social indicators. Data for health (including HIV prevalence, and maternal, infant, and child [<5 years] mortalities) and social indicators (child labour, human development index, sex gap, and corruption index), gathered from 170 countries, showed no consistent associations between ratification of human-rights treaties and health or social outcomes. Established market economy states had consistently improved health compared with less wealthy settings, but this was not associated with treaty ratification. The status of treaty ratification alone is not a good indicator of the realisation of the right to health. We suggest the need for stringent requirements for ratification of treaties, improved accountability mechanisms to monitor compliance of states with treaty obligations, and financial assistance to support the realisation of the right to health.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.rightsReproduced on this site with permission of Elsevier Ltd. Please see [url]http://www.thelancet.com/[/url] for further relevant comment.en
dc.subject.meshChilden
dc.subject.meshChild Mortalityen
dc.subject.meshCivil Rightsen
dc.subject.meshDeveloped Countriesen
dc.subject.meshDeveloping Countriesen
dc.subject.meshFemaleen
dc.subject.meshHIV Infectionsen
dc.subject.meshHealth Status Indicatorsen
dc.subject.meshHuman Rightsen
dc.subject.meshHuman Rights Abusesen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshInfanten
dc.subject.meshInternational Cooperationen
dc.subject.meshLife Expectancyen
dc.subject.meshLogistic Modelsen
dc.subject.meshMaleen
dc.subject.meshMaternal Mortalityen
dc.subject.meshMultivariate Analysisen
dc.subject.meshPublic Healthen
dc.subject.meshSocioeconomic Factorsen
dc.subject.meshStatistics, Nonparametricen
dc.subject.meshUnited Nationsen
dc.subject.meshWorld Healthen
dc.titleDoes ratification of human-rights treaties have effects on population health?en
dc.contributor.departmentFaculty of Health Sciences, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver, BC, Canada.en
dc.identifier.journalLanceten

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