• Afghanistan--humanitarian aid and military intervention don't mix.

      Ford, N (Royal College of General Practice, 2001-11)
    • The battle for access--health care in Afghanistan.

      Reilley, B; Puertas, G; Coutin, A S; Médecins sans Frontières, New York, USA. (Massachusetts Medical Society, 2004-05-06)
    • Chaos in Afghanistan: famine, aid, and bombs.

      Ford, N; Davis, A; Médecins Sans Frontières, 124-32 Clerkenwell Road, EC1R 5DJ, London, UK. Nathan_FORD@msf.org (Elsevier, 2001-11-03)
    • Mortality Rates, Causes of Death, and Health Status Among Displaced and Resident Populations of Kabul, Afghanistan.

      Gessner, B D; Médecins Sans Frontières, Paris, France. (1994-08-03)
      OBJECTIVE--To determine the mortality and health effects from the current civil war in Kabul, Afghanistan. SUBJECTS--One resident population and one displaced population. DESIGN--Between November 22 and December 16, 1993, we conducted a retrospective, population-based, household survey, interviewing 312 displaced families and 300 resident families. RESULTS--During the 285 days before the survey, the highest average daily crude mortality rate and the mortality rate for those younger than 5 years (0.9 and 2.6 per 10,000 population per day, respectively) were among residents who had lived at their current location for 10 months or less. The average daily crude mortality rate and the mortality rate for those younger than 5 years were lower among displaced persons (0.6 and 1.9 per 10,000 per day) and lowest among residents who had lived at their current location for more than 10 months (0.5 and 0.6 per 10,000 per day). Overall, the most common cause of death for both groups was gunshot or other war trauma; for children younger than 5 years, deaths resulting from measles, diarrhea, and acute respiratory tract infection predominated. CONCLUSIONS--While provision of basic public health measures would likely decrease mortality among both displaced and resident populations, the most urgent health need is for a cessation of hostilities against the civilian population. During humanitarian relief operations, organizations should not focus exclusively on persons identified as displaced.
    • Rapid assessment of mortality and malnutrition in Afghanistan.

      Piola, P; Tachon, J L; Brown, V; Ligozat, L; Veyrier, E; Nierle, T; Ford, N; Legros, D (2002-09-11)
    • A tale of two cities: restoring water services in Kabul and Monrovia

      Pinera, J-F; Reed, R A; Médecins Sans Frontières, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Water Engineering and Development Centre, Loughborough University, United Kingdom (2009-01-12)
      Kabul and Monrovia, the respective capitals of Afghanistan and Liberia, have recently emerged from long-lasting armed conflicts. In both cities, a large number of organisations took part in emergency water supply provision and later in the rehabilitation of water systems. Based on field research, this paper establishes a parallel between the operations carried out in the two settings, highlighting similarities and analysing the two most common strategies. The first strategy involves international financial institutions, which fund large-scale projects focusing on infrastructural rehabilitation and on the institutional development of the water utility, sometimes envisaging private-sector participation. The second strategy involves humanitarian agencies, which run community-based projects, in most cases independently of the water utilities, and targeting low-income areas. Neither of these approaches manages to combine sustainability and universal service. The paper assesses their respective strengths and weaknesses and suggests ways of improving the quality of assistance provided.