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dc.contributor.authorPinera, J-F
dc.contributor.authorReed, R A
dc.date.accessioned2010-10-29T14:53:59Z
dc.date.available2010-10-29T14:53:59Z
dc.date.issued2009-01-12
dc.date.submitted2010-10-15
dc.identifier.citationDisasters 2009;33(4):574-90en
dc.identifier.issn1467-7717
dc.identifier.pmid19207539
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1467-7717.2008.01088.x
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/114134
dc.description.abstractKabul and Monrovia, the respective capitals of Afghanistan and Liberia, have recently emerged from long-lasting armed conflicts. In both cities, a large number of organisations took part in emergency water supply provision and later in the rehabilitation of water systems. Based on field research, this paper establishes a parallel between the operations carried out in the two settings, highlighting similarities and analysing the two most common strategies. The first strategy involves international financial institutions, which fund large-scale projects focusing on infrastructural rehabilitation and on the institutional development of the water utility, sometimes envisaging private-sector participation. The second strategy involves humanitarian agencies, which run community-based projects, in most cases independently of the water utilities, and targeting low-income areas. Neither of these approaches manages to combine sustainability and universal service. The paper assesses their respective strengths and weaknesses and suggests ways of improving the quality of assistance provided.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-7717.2008.01088.x/abstracten
dc.rightsPublished by Wiley-Blackwell Archived on this site with the kind permission of Wiley-Blackwell, [url]http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/loi/DISA[/url]en
dc.subject.meshAfghanistanen
dc.subject.meshAltruismen
dc.subject.meshDisaster Planningen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshLiberiaen
dc.subject.meshPublic Healthen
dc.subject.meshTime Factorsen
dc.subject.meshUrban Health Servicesen
dc.subject.meshWaren
dc.subject.meshWater Supplyen
dc.titleA tale of two cities: restoring water services in Kabul and Monroviaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentMédecins Sans Frontières, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Water Engineering and Development Centre, Loughborough University, United Kingdomen
dc.identifier.journalDisastersen
refterms.dateFOA2019-03-04T08:24:43Z
html.description.abstractKabul and Monrovia, the respective capitals of Afghanistan and Liberia, have recently emerged from long-lasting armed conflicts. In both cities, a large number of organisations took part in emergency water supply provision and later in the rehabilitation of water systems. Based on field research, this paper establishes a parallel between the operations carried out in the two settings, highlighting similarities and analysing the two most common strategies. The first strategy involves international financial institutions, which fund large-scale projects focusing on infrastructural rehabilitation and on the institutional development of the water utility, sometimes envisaging private-sector participation. The second strategy involves humanitarian agencies, which run community-based projects, in most cases independently of the water utilities, and targeting low-income areas. Neither of these approaches manages to combine sustainability and universal service. The paper assesses their respective strengths and weaknesses and suggests ways of improving the quality of assistance provided.


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