• IPT during HIV treatment in Myanmar: high rates of coverage, completion and drug adherence

      Ousley, J; Soe, KP; Kyaw, NTT; Anicete, R; Mon, PE; Lwin, H; Win, T; Cristofani, S; Telnov, A; Fernandez, M; et al. (International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 2018-03-21)
      Setting: A southern Myanmar district providing isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) in one of the last countries to formally recommend it as part of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care.Objective:To assess coverage and adherence and the feasibility of IPT scale-up in a routine care setting in Myanmar.Design:A retrospective analysis of people living with HIV (PLHIV) screened for tuberculosis (TB) and enrolled in IPT over a 3-year period (July 2011-June 2014) using clinical databases.Results:Among 3377 patients under HIV care and screened for TB, 2740 (81.1%) initiated IPT, with 2651 (96.8%) completing a 6- or 9-month course of IPT; 83 (3.1%) interrupted treatment for different reasons, including loss to follow-up (n= 41), side effects (n= 15) or drug adherence issues (n= 9); 6 (0.2%) died. Among the IPT patients, 33 (1.2%) were diagnosed with TB, including 9 (0.3%) while on IPT and 24 (0.9%) within 1 year of completion of therapy. Among the PLHIV who completed IPT, one case of isoniazid resistance was detected.Conclusion:Scaling up IPT in Myanmar HIV settings is feasible with high rates of drug adherence and completion, and a low rate of discontinuation due to side effects. IPT scale-up should be prioritised in HIV clinical settings in Myanmar.