• Concomitant malaria among visceral leishmaniasis in-patients from Gedarif and Sennar States, Sudan: a retrospective case-control study

      van den Bogaart, Erika; Berkhout, Marieke Mz; Nour, Ayman Bym; Mens, Pètra F; Talha, Al-Badawi A; Adams, Emily R; Ahmed, Hashim Bm; Abdelrahman, Samira H; Ritmeijer, Koert; Nour, Bakri Ym; Schallig, Henk Dfh; Department of Biomedical Research, Parasitology Unit, Royal Tropical Institute (KIT), Amsterdam, the Netherlands. (BioMed Central, 2013-04-11)
      In areas where visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and malaria are co-endemic, co-infections are common. Clinical implications range from potential diagnostic delay to increased disease-related morbidity, as compared to VL patients. Nevertheless, public awareness of the disease remains limited. In VL-endemic areas with unstable and seasonal malaria, vulnerability to the disease persists through all age-groups, suggesting that in these populations, malaria may easily co-occur with VL, with potentially severe clinical effects.