• Artesunate versus quinine in the treatment of severe falciparum malaria in African children (AQUAMAT): an open-label, randomised trial

      Dondorp, Arjen M; Fanello, Caterina I; Hendriksen, Ilse C E; Gomes, Ermelinda; Seni, Amir; Chhaganlal, Kajal D; Bojang, Kalifa; Olaosebikan, Rasaq; Anunobi, Nkechinyere; Maitland, Kathryn; Kivaya, Esther; Agbenyega, Tsiri; Nguah, Samuel Blay; Evans, Jennifer; Gesase, Samwel; Kahabuka, Catherine; Mtove, George; Nadjm, Behzad; Deen, Jacqueline; Mwanga-Amumpaire, Juliet; Nansumba, Margaret; Karema, Corine; Umulisa, Noella; Uwimana, Aline; Mokuolu, Olugbenga A; Adedoyin, Olanrewaju T; Johnson, Wahab B R; Tshefu, Antoinette K; Onyamboko, Marie A; Sakulthaew, Tharisara; Ngum, Wirichada Pan; Silamut, Kamolrat; Stepniewska, Kasia; Woodrow, Charles J; Bethell, Delia; Wills, Bridget; Oneko, Martina; Peto, Tim E; von Seidlein, Lorenz; Day, Nicholas P J; White, Nicholas J; AQUAMAT group; Hospital Central da Beira, Beira, Mozambique; MRC laboratories, Banjul, The Gambia; Komfo Anokye Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana; Kilifi District General Hospital, Kilifi, Kenya; Magunga District Hospital, NIMR-Korogwe Research Laboratory, Tanga, Tanzania; Teule Designated District Hospital, Muheza, Tanzania; NIMR-Amani Centre, Tanga, Tanzania; Malaria Control Program, Ministry of Health, Kigali, Rwanda; University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria; Mbarara University of Science and Technology and Epicentre Research Base, Mbarara, Uganda; Kinshasa School of Public Health—Kingasani Research Centre, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Mahidol Oxford Tropical MedicineResearch Unit (MORU), Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand; Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; Menzies School of Health Research, Casuarina, NT, Australia; Oxford University Clinical Research Unit, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam; KEMRI—CDC Kisumu, Kisumu Kenya (2010-11-08)
      Severe malaria is a major cause of childhood death and often the main reason for paediatric hospital admission in sub-Saharan Africa. Quinine is still the established treatment of choice, although evidence from Asia suggests that artesunate is associated with a lower mortality. We compared parenteral treatment with either artesunate or quinine in African children with severe malaria.
    • Glucose-6-Phosphate Dehydrogenase Deficiency, Chlorproguanil-Dapsone with Artesunate and Post-treatment Haemolysis in African children treated for uncomplicated Malaria

      Van Malderen, Carine; Van Geertruyden, Jean-Pierre; Machevo, Sonia; González, Raquel; Bassat, Quique; Talisuna, Ambrose; Yeka, Adoke; Nabasumba, Carolyn; Piola, Patrice; Daniel, Atwine; Turyakira, Eleanor; Forret, Pascale; Van Overmeir, Chantal; van Loen, Harry; Robert, Annie; D' Alessandro, Umberto; Faculté de pharmacie et des sciences biomédicales, Université catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium. carine.vanmalderen@uclouvain.be (2012-04-30)
      Malaria is a leading cause of mortality, particularly in sub-Saharan African children. Prompt and efficacious treatment is important as patients may progress within a few hours to severe and possibly fatal disease. Chlorproguanil-dapsone-artesunate (CDA) was a promising artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT), but its development was prematurely stopped because of safety concerns secondary to its associated risk of haemolytic anaemia in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD)-deficient individuals. The objective of the study was to assess whether CDA treatment and G6PD deficiency are risk factors for a post-treatment haemoglobin drop in African children<5 years of age with uncomplicated malaria.