• Advances in imaging chest tuberculosis: blurring of differences between children and adults

      Andronikou, S; Vanhoenacker, F M; De Backer, A I; Medecins Sans Frontiers, Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Radiology, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa; Department of Radiology, Sint-Maarten Hospital, Duffel-Mechelen, Belgium; University Hospital Antwerp, Edegem, Belgium; Department of Radiology, Sint-Lucas Hospital, Ghent, Belgium; (Elsevier, 2009-12-01)
      This article reviews the ongoing role of imaging in the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) and its complications. A modern imaging classification of TB, taking into account both adults and children and the blurring of differences in the presentation patterns, must be absorbed into daily practice. Clinicians must not only be familiar with imaging features of TB but also become expert at detecting these when radiologists are unavailable. Communication between radiologists and clinicians with regard to local constraints, patterns of disease, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection rates, and imaging parameters relevant for management (especially in drug resistance programs) is paramount for making an impact with imaging, and preserving clinician confidence. Recognition of special imaging, anatomic and vulnerability differences between children and adults is more important than trying to define patterns of disease exclusive to children.