• Prevalence, features and risk factors for malaria co-infections amongst visceral leishmaniasis patients from Amudat Hospital, Uganda.

      van den Bogaart, E; Berkhout, M M Z; Adams, E R; Mens, P F; Sentongo, E; Mbulamberi, D B; Straetemans, M; Schallig, H D F H; Chappuis, F; Department of Biomedical Research, Royal Tropical Institute (KIT), Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Medical Microbiology, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala, Uganda; Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda; Médecins Sans Frontières, Geneva, Switzerland; Geneva University Hospitals and University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland (Public Library of Medicine (PLoS), 2012-04-10)
      Due to geographic overlap of malaria and visceral leishmaniasis (VL), co-infections may exist but have been poorly investigated. To describe prevalence, features and risk factors for VL-malaria co-infections, a case-control analysis was conducted on data collected at Amudat Hospital, Uganda (2000-2006) by Médecins sans Frontières. Cases were identified as patients with laboratory-confirmed VL and malaria at hospital admission or during hospitalization; controls were VL patients with negative malaria smears. A logistic regression analysis was performed to study the association between patients' characteristics and the occurrence of the co-infection.