• Prediction of Cholera Dynamics in Haiti Following the Passage of Hurricane Matthew

      Camacho, A; Cohuet, S; Grandesso, F; Luquero, F; Lynch, E; Pasetto, D; Finger, F; Bertuzzo, E; Rinaldo, A (Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, 2016-12)
      Following the landfall of Hurricane Matthew in Haiti on October 3, 2016, an increase of suspected cholera cases was reported in both the southern part of the island (with Grande-Anse and Le Sud departments reporting 1349 and 1533 cases respectively between 5 October and 6 November) and also in the capital, Port-au-Prince (438 cases reported over the same period). The hurricane caused the displacement of about 175,000 people, the vast majority of which remained in their department of origin; however, about 10% appear to have displaced to the capital Port-au-Prince. In this context, a mass OCV vaccination campaign was planned, starting on November 8 and targeting 816,999 individuals in Grande-Anse and Le Sud. The aim of this study is to provide additional information to health actors responding to the post-hurricane cholera outbreak in Haiti. To this end, we calibrated a mechanistic model of cholera transmission on currently available data for Haiti in order to forecast the spatio-temporal dynamics of the cholera epidemic at the departmental level from November 2016 to January 2017. Model outputs have been translated into operational recommendations, with a focus on the scheduled OCV campaign.