• Visceral Leishmaniasis and HIV Co-infection in Bihar, India: Long-term Effectiveness and Treatment Outcomes with Liposomal Amphotericin B (AmBisome).

      Burza, Sakib; Mahajan, Raman; Sinha, Prabhat K; van Griensven, Johan; Pandey, Krishna; Lima, María Angeles; Sanz, Marta Gonzalez; Sunyoto, Temmy; Kumar, Sunil; Mitra, Gaurab; et al. (PLoS, 2014-08-07)
      Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL; also known as kala-azar) is an ultimately fatal disease endemic in the Indian state of Bihar, while HIV/AIDS is an emerging disease in this region. A 2011 observational cohort study conducted in Bihar involving 55 VL/HIV co-infected patients treated with 20-25 mg/kg intravenous liposomal amphotericin B (AmBisome) estimated an 85.5% probability of survival and a 26.5% probability of VL relapse within 2 years. Here we report the long-term field outcomes of a larger cohort of co-infected patients treated with this regimen between 2007 and 2012.