The Unknown Risk of Vertical Transmission in Sleeping Sickness--a Literature Review
AffiliationLondon School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, United Kingdom; Epicentre, France
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JournalPLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
AbstractChildren with human African trypanosomiasis (HAT) present with a range of generally non-specific symptoms. Late diagnosis is frequent with often tragic outcomes. Trypanosomes can infect the foetus by crossing the placenta. Unequivocal cases of congenital infection that have been reported include newborn babies of infected mothers who were diagnosed with HAT in the first 5 days of life and children of infected mothers who had never entered an endemic country themselves.