Should outbreak response immunization be recommended for measles outbreaks in middle- and low-income countries? An update.
AffiliationGlobal Immunization Division, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30306, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
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AbstractMeasles caused mortality in >164,000 children in 2008, with most deaths occurring during outbreaks. Nonetheless, the impact and desirability of conducting measles outbreak response immunization (ORI) in middle- and low-income countries has been controversial. World Health Organization guidelines published in 1999 recommended against ORI in such settings, although recently these guidelines have been reversed for countries with measles mortality reduction goals.