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dc.contributor.authorBouma, M J
dc.contributor.authorDye, C
dc.contributor.authorvan der Kaay, H J
dc.date.accessioned2008-01-31T16:55:53Z
dc.date.available2008-01-31T16:55:53Z
dc.date.issued1996-08
dc.identifier.citationFalciparum Malaria and Climate Change in the Northwest Frontier Province of Pakistan. 1996, 55 (2):131-7 Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.en
dc.identifier.issn0002-9637
dc.identifier.pmid8780449
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10144/17291
dc.description.abstractFollowing a striking increase in the severity of autumnal outbreaks of Plasmodium falciparum during the last decade in the Northwest Frontier Province (NWFP) of Pakistan, the role of climatologic variables was investigated. A multivariate analysis showed that during the transmission season of P. falciparum, the amount of rainfall in September and October, the temperature in November and December, and the humidity in December were all correlated (r2 = 0.82) with two measures of P. falciparum, the falciparum rate (percent of slides examined positive for P. falciparum) since 1981 and the annual P. falciparum proportion (percent of all malaria infections diagnosed as P. falciparum) since 1978. Climatologic records since 1876 show an increase in mean November and December temperatures by 2 degrees C and 1.5 degrees C, respectively, and in October rainfall. Mean humidity in December has also been increasing since 1950. These climatologic changes in the area appear to have made conditions for transmission of P. falciparum more favorable, and may account for the increase in incidence observed in the NWFP in recent years.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherPublished by: American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.ajtmh.org
dc.rightsArchived on this site with the kind permission of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, www.astmh.orgen
dc.subject.meshAnimalsen
dc.subject.meshAnophelesen
dc.subject.meshClimateen
dc.subject.meshDisease Outbreaksen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshHumidityen
dc.subject.meshIncidenceen
dc.subject.meshInsect Vectorsen
dc.subject.meshMalaria, Falciparumen
dc.subject.meshMalaria, Vivaxen
dc.subject.meshMosquito Controlen
dc.subject.meshMultivariate Analysisen
dc.subject.meshPakistanen
dc.subject.meshRainen
dc.subject.meshRegression Analysisen
dc.subject.meshSeasonsen
dc.subject.meshTemperatureen
dc.titleFalciparum Malaria and Climate Change in the Northwest Frontier Province of Pakistan.en
dc.contributor.departmentMedecins Sans Frontieres-Holland, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.en
dc.identifier.journalThe American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygieneen
refterms.dateFOA2019-03-04T09:04:12Z
html.description.abstractFollowing a striking increase in the severity of autumnal outbreaks of Plasmodium falciparum during the last decade in the Northwest Frontier Province (NWFP) of Pakistan, the role of climatologic variables was investigated. A multivariate analysis showed that during the transmission season of P. falciparum, the amount of rainfall in September and October, the temperature in November and December, and the humidity in December were all correlated (r2 = 0.82) with two measures of P. falciparum, the falciparum rate (percent of slides examined positive for P. falciparum) since 1981 and the annual P. falciparum proportion (percent of all malaria infections diagnosed as P. falciparum) since 1978. Climatologic records since 1876 show an increase in mean November and December temperatures by 2 degrees C and 1.5 degrees C, respectively, and in October rainfall. Mean humidity in December has also been increasing since 1950. These climatologic changes in the area appear to have made conditions for transmission of P. falciparum more favorable, and may account for the increase in incidence observed in the NWFP in recent years.


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