The Prevalence of Mental Health Problems in Rwandan and Burundese Refugee Camps
AffiliationMédecins Sans Frontières, Holland, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
MetadataShow full item record
JournalActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
AbstractOBJECTIVE: We examined the prevalence of mental health problems in refugees living in camps that emerged in Tanzania during the Rwanda crisis that started in 1994. METHOD: Using the 28-item version of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), we examined two samples: a random sample (n = 854) and a sample of clients of a psychosocial support programme in these camps (n = 23). Sensitivity, specificity and positive- and negative predictive values were estimated for several cut-off scores of the GHQ-28. RESULTS: The prevalence of serious mental health problems was estimated at 50% (SE 12%). When using the GHQ-28 as a screener, a cut-off score of 14 is recommended. CONCLUSION: Given the high prevalence of mental health problems, psychosocial programmes for large refugee populations should aim at strengthening community structures and supporting groups instead of focusing at individuals. The screening capacity of the GHQ-28 could be used to identify mentally vulnerable groups.
- Morbidity and mortality surveillance in Rwandan refugees--Burundi and Zaire, 1994.
- Authors: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
- Issue date: 1996 Feb 9
- A two-phase approach for the identification of refugees with priority need for mental health care in Lebanon: a validation study.
- Authors: Llosa AE, Van Ommeren M, Kolappa K, Ghantous Z, Souza R, Bastin P, Slavuckij A, Grais RF
- Issue date: 2017 Jan 18
- Validation of a brief mental health screener for Karen refugees in primary care.
- Authors: Brink DR, Shannon PJ, Vinson GA
- Issue date: 2016 Feb
- STD rapid assessment in Rwandan refugee camps in Tanzania.
- Authors: Mayaud P, Msuya W, Todd J, Kaatano G, West B, Begkoyian G, Grosskurth H, Mabey D
- Issue date: 1997 Feb
- Displaced Rohingya children at high risk for mental health problems: Findings from refugee camps within Bangladesh.
- Authors: Khan NZ, Shilpi AB, Sultana R, Sarker S, Razia S, Roy B, Arif A, Ahmed MU, Saha SC, McConachie H
- Issue date: 2019 Jan