Violence and mortality in West Darfur, Sudan (2003-04): epidemiological evidence from four surveys.
AffiliationEpicentre, Paris, France. email@example.com
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractBACKGROUND: Violence in Darfur, Sudan, has rendered more than one million people internally displaced. An epidemiological study of the effect of armed incursions on mortality in Darfur was needed to provide a basis for appropriate assistance to internally displaced people. METHODS: Between April and June, 2004, we did retrospective cluster surveys among 215?400 internally displaced people in four sites of West Darfur (Zalingei, Murnei, Niertiti, El Geneina). Mortality recall periods covered both the pre-displacement and post-displacement periods in Zalingei, Murnei, and Niertiti, but not in El Geneina. Heads of households provided dates, causes, and places of deaths, and described the family structure. FINDINGS: Before arrival at displacement sites, mortality rates (expressed as deaths per 10?000 per day), were 5.9 (95% CI 2.2-14.9) in Zalingei, 9.5 (6.4-14.0) in Murnei, and 7.3 (3.2-15.7) in Niertiti. Violence caused 68-93% of these deaths. People who were killed were mostly adult men (relative risk 29.1-117.9 compared with children younger than 15 years), but included women and children. Most households fled because of direct village attacks. In camps, mortality rates fell but remained above the emergency benchmark, with a peak of 5.6 in El Geneina. Violence persisted even after displacement. Age and sex pyramids of surviving populations were skewed, with a deficit in men. INTERPRETATION: This study, which was done in a difficult setting, provides epidemiological evidence of this conflict's effect on civilians, confirming the serious nature of the crisis, and reinforcing findings from other war contexts.
- Mortality and malnutrition among populations living in South Darfur, Sudan: results of 3 surveys, September 2004.
- Authors: Grandesso F, Sanderson F, Kruijt J, Koene T, Brown V
- Issue date: 2005 Mar 23
- Patterns of mortality rates in Darfur conflict.
- Authors: Degomme O, Guha-Sapir D
- Issue date: 2010 Jan 23
- Changes in mortality rates and humanitarian conditions in Darfur, Sudan 2003-2007.
- Authors: Garfield R, Polonsky J
- Issue date: 2010 Nov-Dec
- Mortality among displaced former UNITA members and their families in Angola: a retrospective cluster survey.
- Authors: Grein T, Checchi F, Escribà JM, Tamrat A, Karunakara U, Stokes C, Brown V, Legros D
- Issue date: 2003 Sep 20
- Violence and mortality in West Darfur.
- Authors: Woodruff BA, Kaiser R
- Issue date: 2004 Oct 9-15