Treatment Outcomes Stratified by Baseline Immunological Status Among Young Children Receiving Nonnucleoside Reverse-Transcriptase Inhibitor-Based Antiretroviral Therapy in Resource-Limited Settings.
AuthorsO'Brien, D P
AffiliationAIDS Working Group, Médecins Sans Frontières, Paris, France. firstname.lastname@example.org
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JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
AbstractA study of 568 children aged <5 years who commenced nonnucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitor-based antiretroviral therapy in resource-limited settings revealed good early outcomes. After 12 months of antiretroviral therapy, survival probability was 0.89 (95% confidence interval, 0.86-0.92), with no significant difference among children stratified on the basis of baseline immunological levels; 62% attained a CD4 cell percentage >25%, and 7% continued to have a CD4 cell percentage <15%.