Prevalence, features and risk factors for malaria co-infections amongst visceral leishmaniasis patients from Amudat Hospital, Uganda.
Authorsvan den Bogaart, E
Berkhout, M M Z
Adams, E R
Mens, P F
Mbulamberi, D B
Schallig, H D F H
AffiliationDepartment of Biomedical Research, Royal Tropical Institute (KIT), Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Medical Microbiology, Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Kampala, Uganda; Ministry of Health, Kampala, Uganda; Médecins Sans Frontières, Geneva, Switzerland; Geneva University Hospitals and University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
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JournalPLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
AbstractDue to geographic overlap of malaria and visceral leishmaniasis (VL), co-infections may exist but have been poorly investigated. To describe prevalence, features and risk factors for VL-malaria co-infections, a case-control analysis was conducted on data collected at Amudat Hospital, Uganda (2000-2006) by Médecins sans Frontières. Cases were identified as patients with laboratory-confirmed VL and malaria at hospital admission or during hospitalization; controls were VL patients with negative malaria smears. A logistic regression analysis was performed to study the association between patients' characteristics and the occurrence of the co-infection.
PublisherPublic Library of Medicine (PLoS)