False positive HIV diagnoses in resource limited settings: operational lessons learned for HIV programmes
AffiliationMédecins Sans Frontières, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
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AbstractAccess to HIV diagnosis is life-saving; however the use of rapid diagnostic tests in combination is vulnerable to wrongly diagnosing HIV infection when both screening tests give a false positive result. Misclassification of HIV patients can also occur due to poor quality control, administrative errors and lack of supervision and training of staff. Médecins Sans Frontières discovered in 2004 that HIV negative individuals were enrolled in some HIV programmes. This paper describes the result of an audit of three sites to review testing practices, implement improved testing algorithms and offer re-testing to clients enrolled in the HIV clinic.
PublisherPublic Library of Science