Tuberculosis in antiretroviral treatment programs in lower income countries: availability and use of diagnostics and screening.
Dusingize, J C
Cortes, C P
Gnokoro, J C
Sterling, T R
AffiliationInstitute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland ; Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland ; University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
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AbstractIn resource-constrained settings, tuberculosis (TB) is a common opportunistic infection and cause of death in HIV-infected persons. TB may be present at the start of antiretroviral therapy (ART), but it is often under-diagnosed. We describe approaches to TB diagnosis and screening of TB in ART programs in low- and middle-income countries.