• "Alert-Audit-Act": assessment of surveillance and response strategy for malaria elimination in three low-endemic settings of Myanmar in 2016

      Kyaw, AMM; Kathirvel, S; Das, M; Thapa, B; Linn, NYY; Maung, TM; Lin, Z; Thi, A (BioMed Central, 2018-04-13)
      Myanmar, a malaria endemic country of Southeast Asia, adopted surveillance and response strategy similar to "1-3-7" Chinese strategy to achieve sub-national elimination in six low-endemic region/states of the country. Among these, Yangon, Bago-East, and Mon region/states have implemented this malaria surveillance and response strategy with modification in 2016. The current study was conducted to assess the case notification, investigation, classification, and response strategy (NICR) in these three states.
    • Are village health volunteers as good as basic health staffs in providing malaria care? A country wide analysis from Myanmar, 2015

      Linn, NYY; Kathirvel, S; Das, M; Thapa, B; Rahman, Mm; Maung, TM; Kyaw, AMM; Thi, A; Lin, Z (BioMed Central, 2018-06-20)
      Malaria is one of the major public health problems in Myanmar. Village health volunteers (VHV) are the key malaria diagnosis and treatment service provider at community level in addition to basic health staffs (BHS). This countrywide analysis aimed to assess and compare the accessibility to- and quality of malaria care (treatment initiation, treatment within 24 h and complete treatment delivery) between VHV and BHS in Myanmar.
    • Assessment of household ownership of bed nets in areas with and without artemisinin resistance containment measures in Myanmar

      Maung, TM; Oo, T; Wai, KT; Hlaing, T; Owiti, P; Kumar, B; Shewade, HD; Zachariah, R; Thi, A (BioMed Central, 2018-03-23)
      Myanmar lies in the Greater Mekong Subregion where there is artemisinin-resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria. As the artemisinin compound is the pillar of effective antimalarial therapies, containing the spread of artemisinin resistance is a national and global priority. The use of insecticide-treated bed nets/long-lasting insecticidal nets (ITNs/LLINs) is the key intervention for ensuring the reduction of malaria transmission and the spread of resistant strains, and for eventually eliminating malaria. This study aimed at assessing household ownership of, access to, and utilization of bed nets in areas of Myanmar with and without artemisinin resistance containment measures.
    • Knowledge, Access and Utilization of Bed-Nets Among Stable and Seasonal Migrants in an Artemisinin Resistance Containment Area of Myanmar

      Phyo Than, W; Oo, T; Wai, K; Thi, A; Owiti, P; Kumar, B; Deepak Shewade, H; Zachariah, R (BioMed Central, 2017-09-14)
      Myanmar lies in the Greater Mekong sub-region of South-East Asia faced with the challenge of emerging resistance to artemisinin combination therapies (ACT). Migrant populations are more likely than others to spread ACT resistance. A vital intervention to reduce malaria transmission, resistance spread and eliminate malaria is the use of bed nets. Among seasonal and stable migrants in an artemisinin resistance containment region of Myanmar, we compared a) their household characteristics, b) contact with health workers and information material, and c) household knowledge, access and utilization of bed nets.
    • Malaria profiles and challenges in artemisinin resistance containment in Myanmar

      Nwe, TW; Oo, T; Wai, KT; Zhou, S; van Griensven, J; Chinnakali, P; Shah, S; Thi, A (BioMed Central, 2017-04-25)
      This study examined evolving malaria profiles from January, 2010 to December, 2014 to evaluate achievements and challenges of implementing measures to prevent and control spread of artemisinin resistance in Myanmar.