• Childhood immunization in Bungoma County, Kenya, from 2008 to 2011: need for improved uptake

      Mbuthia, G W; Harries, A D; Obala, A A; Nyamogoba, H D N; Simiyu, C; Edginton, M E; Khogali, M; Hedt-Gauthier, B L; Otsyla, B K (International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 2014-03)
      Uptake of immunisations in children aged 1–2 years in Bungoma County, Kenya, was determined as part of the 6-monthly Health and Demographic Surveillance System surveys. A total of 2699 children were assessed between 2008 and 2011. During this time period, full immunisation declined significantly from 84% to 58%,and measles vaccine declined uptake from 89% to 60%(P<0.001). Each year there was a significant fall-off for the third doses of the oral polio and pentavalent vaccines(P<0.001). These findings are of concern, as low immunisation coverage may lead to vaccine-preventable disease outbreaks. Further investigations into the reasons for declining immunisation trends are required.