South African General Surgeon Preparedness for Humanitarian Disasters
MetadataShow full item record
JournalWorld Journal of Surgery
AbstractBackground Humanitarian medical organizations provide surgical care for a broad range of conditions including general surgical (GS), obstetric and gynecologic (OBGYN), orthopedic (ORTHO), and urologic (URO) conditions in unstable contexts. The most common humanitarian operation is cesarean section. The objective of this study was to identify the proportion of South African general surgeons who had operative experience and current competency in GS, OBGYN, ORTHO, and URO humanitarian operations in order to evaluate their potential for working in humanitarian disasters. Methods This was a cross-sectional online survey of South African general surgeons administered from November 2017–July 2018. Rotations in OBGYN, ORTHO, and URO were quantified. Experience and competency in eighteen humanitarian operations were queried. Results There were 154 SA general surgeon participants. Prior to starting general surgery (GS) residency, 129 (83%) had OBGYN, 125 (81%) ORTHO, and 84 (54%) URO experience. Experience and competency in humanitarian procedures by specialty included: 96% experience and 95% competency for GS, 71% experience and 51% com- petency for OBGYN, 77% experience and 66% competency for ORTHO, and 86% experience and 81% competency for URO. 82% reported training, and 51% competency in cesarean section. Conclusions SA general surgeons are potentially well suited for humanitarian surgery. This study has shown that most SA general surgeons received training in OBGYN, ORTHO, and URO prior to residency and many maintain competence in the corresponding humanitarian operations. Other low- to middle-income countries may also have broad-based surgery training, and the potential for their surgeons to offer humanitarian assistance should be further investigated.
- Are American Surgical Residents Prepared for Humanitarian Deployment?: A Comparative Analysis of Resident and Humanitarian Case Logs.
- Authors: Lin Y, Dahm JS, Kushner AL, Lawrence JP, Trelles M, Dominguez LB, Kuwayama DP
- Issue date: 2018 Jan
- Integration of Surgical Residency Training With US Military Humanitarian Missions.
- Authors: Jensen S, Tadlock MD, Douglas T, Provencher M, Ignacio RC Jr
- Issue date: 2015 Sep-Oct
- Are general surgeons behind the curve when it comes to disaster preparedness training? A survey of general surgery and emergency medicine trainees in the United States by the Eastern Association for the Surgery for Trauma Committee on Disaster Preparedness.
- Authors: Dennis AJ, Brandt MM, Steinberg J, Qureshi S, Burns JB, Capella J, Gross RI, Hammond J, Miller SF, Moront ML, O'Neill P, Sarani B, Sing RF
- Issue date: 2012 Sep
- Humanitarian skill set acquisition trends among graduating US surgical residents, 2004-2014.
- Authors: Trudeau MO, Swaroop M, Rothstein DH
- Issue date: 2016 Jun 15
- North American pediatric surgery fellows' preparedness for humanitarian surgery.
- Authors: Traynor MD Jr, Trelles M, Hernandez MC, Dominguez LB, Kushner AL, Rivera M, Zielinski MD, Moir CR
- Issue date: 2019 Nov 29