Lessons Learned From Helping Babies Survive in Humanitarian Settings.
MetadataShow full item record
AbstractHumanitarian crises, driven by disasters, conflict, and disease epidemics, have profound effects on society, including on people's health and well-being. Occurrences of conflict by state and nonstate actors have increased in the last 2 decades: by the end of 2018, an estimated 41.3 million internally displaced persons and 20.4 million refugees were reported worldwide, representing a 70% increase from 2010. Although public health response for people affected by humanitarian crisis has improved in the last 2 decades, health actors have made insufficient progress in the use of evidence-based interventions to reduce neonatal mortality. Indeed, on average, conflict-affected countries report higher neonatal mortality rates and lower coverage of key maternal and newborn health interventions compared with non-conflict-affected countries. As of 2018, 55.6% of countries with the highest neonatal mortality rate (≥30 per 1000 live births) were affected by conflict and displacement. Systematic use of new evidence-based interventions requires the availability of a skilled health workforce and resources as well as commitment of health actors to implement interventions at scale. A review of the implementation of the Helping Babies Survive training program in 3 refugee responses and protracted conflict settings identify that this training is feasible, acceptable, and effective in improving health worker knowledge and competency and in changing newborn care practices at the primary care and hospital level. Ultimately, to improve neonatal survival, in addition to a trained health workforce, reliable supply and health information system, community engagement, financial support, and leadership with effective coordination, policy, and guidance are required.
PublisherAmerican Academy of Pediatrics
- "You have to take action": changing knowledge and attitudes towards newborn care practices during crisis in South Sudan.
- Authors: Sami S, Kerber K, Tomczyk B, Amsalu R, Jackson D, Scudder E, Dimiti A, Meyers J, Kenneth K, Kenyi S, Kennedy CE, Ackom K, Mullany LC
- Issue date: 2017 Nov
- Authors: Bloom BR, Atun R, Cohen T, Dye C, Fraser H, Gomez GB, Knight G, Murray M, Nardell E, Rubin E, Salomon J, Vassall A, Volchenkov G, White R, Wilson D, Yadav P, Holmes KK, Bertozzi S, Bloom BR, Jha P
- Issue date: 2017 Nov 3
- Understanding health systems to improve community and facility level newborn care among displaced populations in South Sudan: a mixed methods case study.
- Authors: Sami S, Amsalu R, Dimiti A, Jackson D, Kenyi S, Meyers J, Mullany LC, Scudder E, Tomczyk B, Kerber K
- Issue date: 2018 Aug 10
- Lessons learnt from coordinating emergency health response during humanitarian crises: a case study of implementation of the health cluster in northern Uganda.
- Authors: Olu O, Usman A, Woldetsadik S, Chamla D, Walker O
- Issue date: 2015
- Famine-affected, refugee, and displaced populations: recommendations for public health issues.
- Issue date: 1992 Jul 24